Alvise Da Mosto sank in front of Tripoli on 1 December 1941, after duelling with cruisers HMS Aurora and Penelope. They were doing well on the armament plan while being smaller. Weaponry was as for the Turbines, except that an improved version of the 120mm gun was installed (Ansaldo 1926 pattern). German forces also recovered some Pz. Nov 30, 2020 - Explore a.j. [2] The one major alteration was to reduce beam in order to improve their speed, this resulted in reduced fuel capacity and, consequently, their range. The new arrangement comprised twin turrets for and aft, very unusual to foreign standards, and later standardized to all Italian destroyers. Armament stayed the same, but layout differed and the powerplant was modernized and overhaul to produce and amazing 44,000 hp on a 2100 tons ships fully loaded, with the result of a top speed of 38 knots. Both Mirabello in 1916, and the three Leone class of 1923 were pretty close in terms of their general conception, the Leone being larger and heavier. They were successful units, robust, well armed and very stable. Italian TB Calatafimi, which boldly attacked French Cruisers during operation Vado. Eight participated in WW1, the rest being discarded before. [2] Weapons systems were modified but these were not consistent between all ships of the class. Leone Memorable Flag. Italian Tier VI Destroyer 1924. The Italian Navy is laying the groundwork for a new DDX-type destroyer program, adding naval firepower for the country amid an increasingly volatile Mediterranean region. During the war, old AA artillery was sacrificed and four 20mm Breda twin mounts were added, and two ASW grenade launchers. Italy also operated the war reparation ships, the ex-V116 called Premuda and ex G97 called Cesare Rossarol. The operational areas for the Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy) were expected to be enclosed seas such as the Mediterranean, Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. They were all seized by the Germans, but no progress was made and they ended broken up on slipways after the war. Note the battle dressing on the dog's fore leg. Specifications Displacement 1,900 t. standard -2,580 t. Full Load Dimensions 109.30 m long, 11 m wide, 3.40 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 Parsons turbines, 8 Tosi boilers, 50,000 hp. The Admiralty decided that the Oriani/Maestrale formed the best base for a new series of improved destroyers. 4pk sprue HMS Begonia corvette 1:2400 WW2 $ 34.00. The Artigliere was sunk in October 1940, a total of 10 others being sunk in 1942-43. the survivors were for three of them transmitted to France in 1948 (Renamed Duchaffault, Jurien de la Gravière, Duperré), two to the USSR in 1949 (renamed Z12 and Z20), and two donated to the Italian Navy, remaining in service after modernization until 1958-60. US Marine Corporal Harold Flagg and his war dog Boy posing with a Japanese flag, Okinawa, Japan, Apr 1945. These ships were reclassified as torpedo boats from 1921 but has been discarded well before the second world war. Allied destroyers were engaged in the Arctic, Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, North and Mediterranean seas. To balance the Italian threat, the 600-ton La Melpoméne class was a group of 13 French torpedo boats built in 1933. In 1942–43, the remaining ship in the class had its four beam four inch guns removed and its anti-aircraft weaponry was strengthened to eight 20 millimetre machine guns and depth charge capacity was also increased. Three were lost on anti-shipping sorties and the fourth, left in port through engine defects, was scuttled. These four destroyers of the Maestrale class (Maestrale, Libeccio, Grecal, Scirocco), and four of the Oriani class (Alfieri, Carducci, Gioberti, Oriani), were derived from the Maestrale, but of larger dimensions, particularly in the width, and a particular care accorded to the transverse masses distributions. The anti-aircraft machine-guns were replaced by 20mm cannon and further strengthened in 1943. Ww2 Pictures Military Pictures Truck Transport Italian Army Tank Destroyer Ww2 Tanks Battle Tank Tank Design Military Weapons. In destroyer terms in the early 1920s, the ships of this class were powerful vessels, displacing 2,300 tons[2] and armed with eight four inch guns in single mounts, 450 millimetres (17.7) inch torpedoes, depth charges and mines. Other tasks included mine-laying, convoy escort, anti-submarine, supply transport and anti-shipping. In the 1880-90s already, Italy produced a serie of “torpedo cruisers” that were in a sense, precursors of destroyers. I also believe that the re-purposed training ship San Giorgio might have a place in the game – perhaps as a premium or event ship. The Regia Marina classified yet another group of ships (Capitani Romani class) as "exploratori oceanici"—ocean scouts. Three ships of this class were commissioned in 1916-17 as "exploratori", but one was lost in the Black Sea in 1920. Audace, the first of this name was sunk in 1916. They formed, without a doubt, the backbone of the Italian navy right up to Italy’s surrender in late 1943. Their anti-aircraft gunnery was similarly improved. It was the Comandanti Medaglie d’Oro class, which was characterized mainly by increased dimensions (120 meters long by 12.3 wide and 2900 tons at full load), a much better AA armament (13 x 37 mm shielded guns), and also main guns of 135 mm instead of 120 mm, in single turrets, and a reinforced hull. One of the ship's features was 8 main battery guns placed in 4 twin mounts. They were reclassified as destroyers by 1940. However, years of service degraded these splendid performances, and in 1941, their top speed rarely exceeded 32 knots, quite a compehensive loss. The Fleet Air Arm as it was known went to war with 190 airplanes in aircraft and seaplane carriers ; plus spotter float planes mounted on … [11], The four Folgores, commissioned between June and September 1932, were modified Freccias and they are sometimes included in that class as the "second group". At the time of the Tunisian campaign when allied domination became prevalent (The Battle of Skerki Bank show the loss of 1,500 soldiers in one night) and confidence in trying to defend troop transports led to transport troops directly on destroyers instead. WW2 section contains two splendid stories of the US and German ‘Heavy Armor’ — T29 Heavy Tank and Jagdtiger. Comparisons being inevitable at this point, French and Italian designs diverged a lot however. German Sperrbrecher 27 WW2 1:1800 FUD $ 13.50. One ship, Fuciliere, had an Italian Gufo radar set installed in 1943.[16]. 16 June – Italian destroyers sink British submarine HMS Grampus. The Sella were based at the island of Leros, in the Dodecanese. It was designed along the lines of the Italian torpedo boats of that time, but due to its size and speed of 34.5 knots, the class is considered a light destroyer, or destroyer escort. The 120mm guns remained the main battery, in two twin mountings, fore and aft, but a later pattern was used, the 1936 or 1937 Ansaldo. Also Regia Marina operated captured ships: They were captured from either France or Yugoslavia: The Premuda was the former Yugoslav destroyer Dubrovnik, captured in April 1941, a very capable unit, one of the most impressive destroyers ever built, two Beograd class former Yugoslav destroyers captured in April 1941 and French DDs that were scuttled at Toulon and later salvaged and repaired (the immense majority simply could not): FR 22 – former French destroyer of the Chacal class, and two of the Guépard class, FR 21 and FR 24, and FR 31 – former French destroyer of the Bourrasque class. In addition, Turbine had one triple torpedo tube mounting replaced by a 37mm gun. They were well-armed, fast, three-funelled 1700 tons ships. Displacement was marginally reduced at 2,130 tonnes. Similarly, they were equipped with four ASW mortars. The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony … 24 June – France falls to Germany. These ships were equipped with five 120mm guns (2 twin and one single replacing the start shell gun of the earlier ships) and extra light AA guns. Indeed a single destroyer division of 4 ships was able to carry some 1,200 troops and equipment in one night. Overview of Italian Destroyers. They were specifically tailored to deal with the French destroyer leaders (Jaguar/Guepard class). 37 mm. Power went from 36,000 to 40,000 hp, speed maintained to 36 knots. 14 June – French naval forces bombard Genoa and Vado. One ship, Oriani, survived to serve with the Allies and was subsequently transferred to France and renamed D'Estaing. Which are logically closer from the original torpedo boat idea. They no longer had the excessive roll problems of the previous ones, and this allowed to re-equip them with heavier machines, more efficient in the end. The class used two sizes of torpedoes, in two triple banks, each unusually composed of two 533mm (21 in) separated by one 450mm (17.7 in). The Freccia class (1930, 4 ships) signalled a new, more modern design to replace the 1920s Palestro generation. The result was slightly faster ships with greater range. These large fleet destroyers were designed and built for one purpose: To counter the heavy French destroyers of the Jaguar-type class leaders. By 1898, the first proper destroyer, Fulmine, was built, followed by the Lampo (1899, 6) and Nembo (1901, 6) classes, all active in WW1. They helped keep the supply lines from Italy to Tunisia open so that the Axis army in North Africa could be maintained and they helped restrict Allied use of the central Mediterranean for most of the war, at least until the surrender of the Afrika Corps. They also varied in size from enlarged torpedo-boats to exploratori (an Italian designation for large destroyers approaching light cruiser size). The following Folgore, Maestrale and Oriani classes were all closely derived, whereas the prewar (and wartime) emeregency class named “Soldati” (like the ones launched before WW1) closed the design. Solferino was captured at Souda (Crete) in September 1943 and became TA18 in 1944. [12], These ships' service was closely similar to the Freccias. The Italian Army had suffered heavy losses for only limited gains during World War One and in common with the other combatant nations the Army was drastically reduced in size and influence following the 1918 armistice. Therefore these Italian WW2 torpedo boats should be seen more as “light destroyers”, a bit like the escort destroyers that will be built en masse by the US Navy and Japan. 's board "WW2 Italian Armored Vehicles" on Pinterest. General appearance of the Soldati class. The fact is, with the fall of France, no Italian Destroyer had ever to fight its French opponents. She duelled with destroyers HMS Termagant and Tuscan off Skiathos (Aegean), ran aground near Volos and was scuttled. They were effectively a repeat of the preceding Maestrales with an increased engine power. Truck Transport Italian Army Afrika Korps Armored Fighting Vehicle Roman History Ww2 Tanks French Army Panzer. From 1930 (Freccia class), Italian designs were strikingly different, being lighter, shorter, with a raked single funnel, twin turrets, simplified superstructure, whereas French designs were more conservative, if not retrograde in comparison, like Royal Navy models, with single shielded guns in superfiring positions, tall superstructures and three stacks. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. The Soldati comprised 12 ships in the first group, launched 1937-1939 and a second wartime group called Bombardiere, 7 ships launched (with the exception of Carrista) in 1941-42. They were no more reliable or seaworthy than their earlier sisters. Jeep of a two-star general is parked to the right. Kawakaze), Ardimentoso (ex. On the other hand, the Sauro shared the same engine, a set of Parsons turbines fed by three Thornycroft boilers, for a top speed significantly higher than 35 knots. Type-wise however, the French had a clear advantage with their numerous, large destroyers leaders. This category focuses on the Italian Tank Destroyer classes of World War Two. Top speed: 38 knots Armament: 4 guns of 102 (2 × 2), 8 mitt. The Semovente da 75/18 and the Semovente da 90/53 are noteworthy tank destroyers used by the Italians during the war. There were 19 ships built in this class up to 1943, along with along with 11 other classes and the fact that there were 2 batches of this ship class that had minor differences. IV and Pz. They were originally ordered in parallel to the Palestro class destroyers, but delayed and suspended due to steel shortages. Specifications Displacement: 1675 t. standard -2254 t. Full Load Dimensions 106.7 m long, 10.15 m wide, 3.42 m draft Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 Parsons turbines, 3 boilers triple exp., 48,000 hp. They were developments of the preceding Sella class, with a broader beam to allow for the greater weight of weaponry from that in the Sellas' original specification and some layout changes. They also took over mine-laying and supply transport missions. [2] As completed, these ships had a single 120 millimetre (4.7 inch) gun, four 533 millimetre (21 inch) torpedo tubes, two 40 millimetre and two 13.2 millimetre guns. The first destroyers to be built in Italy after the end of World War I, their design started at the end of the war, but was modified to incorporate some war lessons. Review of the Royal Navy Destroyer fleet at the outbreak of WW2 The chosen answer were 20 millimetre cannon and, in some individual ships, 37 millimetre guns replaced torpedo tubes. In 1941, the appropriately named Scirocco foundered in a storm off Cape Spartivento. All ships had two triple 21 inch torpedo tube mountings. Captured in 1943 she was renamed TA21, she was rearmed in German standard (Flakvierling mounts, 2×4 plus a single mount, 2x 102 mm). [16], In 1940–41, the second, aft, directories were removed from those ships that had them. The remaining two ships were not completed before the surrender; one was scrapped while under construction and the final one was completed under German colours. The two ships of 1916 were designed as flotilla leaders. In WW2/WW1 they would have been Cruiser classes. The two fire directors had more modern aerials and a gufo radar, also a first for Italian destroyers. A wide variety of these tanks were derived chiefly from the standard medium tank chassis, and the light tank L6 as well. The increase in power, however, disappointed in that there was only a marginal speed improvement. Naval Forces & Industry news Naval and Maritime Exhibitions News Focus - Analysis - Photo report Naval Forces Vessels & Equipmen... Titan LNG charters in 5,200 cu.m LNG bunkering vessel, Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, Beijing warns off US warship from South China Sea islands, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, SuperTermoli (ST) 60 MMI - The successor of Hellenic Navy UDC's ST60 fast interceptor. The original anti-aircraft weaponry, consisting of mixtures of obsolete 40 millimetre Vickers cannon (designed in 1917) and 13.2 machine-guns was clearly inadequate by the start of Italy's war. Our Archive section covers the history of early requirements for the Soviet heavy (large) tank. Three were lost before the Italian surrender and one, Dardo, was captured by the Germans (renamed TA31). Italian Ostro destroyer WW2 1:3000 $ 16.00. There will be a dedicated post about them soon. The four ships, commissioned from September to November 1934, were larger than the earlier classes, 2,255 tonnes[2] and longer and broader. 4 June 1944. 23 June –Italian submarine Torricelli sinks British destroyer HMS Khartoum off Eritrea. The Oriani was transferred to France after the war, renamed D’Estaing, and removed from the lists in 1954. Comandante Margottini, the most advanced of the 1st serie. The Riboty survived the conflict and although offered to Russia in war damage, was refused and broken up in Italy in 1951. Three others were sunk by submersibles, the Antoniotto Usodimare being torpedoed by mistake by Italian submarine Alagi. Despite the fact the concept of torpedo boat was arguably obsolete in 1940, the Italians sticked to it and was probably the only Nation to rely on them so heavily. Da Recco was the only one of this class to survive the conflict, and was disarmed in 1954. They retained essentially all the features of the Oriani, including the hull, and had enlarged superstructures, and on some, an additional 120 mm gun in a central position, standard or flare gun (15 caliber mortar instead of 50). [13], Although mainly used as fleet escorts, these ships also laid minefields and escorted convoys, during one such duty, they missed the Battle of Calabria and were never involved in a major fleet action. Most of the captured Italian medium tanks were obtained from the 1a Divisione Corazzata Camicie Nere ‘M’ (1st Blackshirts Armored Division ‘M’) and Ariete II Divisions. These ships were a further development of the Sella design, with a larger hull, significantly increased engine power and fuel storage. Italian destroyers were to pay a high price for these oversights, but they fought bravely and doggedly. Another was sunk shortly before the Italian surrender. This vessel was reassigned to the fleet in 1940 after serving as a radio control vessel. A variant of a talk given at Flying Heritage Collection, the sequel to "Myths of American Armor." All were lost by early April 1941, when Massawa fell. But the development of the fascist corporate state in the 1920s saw a revival of the influence of the Army. [6], Two, Bettino Ricasoli and Giovanni Nicotera, were sold to Sweden and transferred just as Italy declared war. The Italian Navy played an important role for the Axis powers in the Mediterranean Theater during the early part of World War 2 - but faltered later in the conflict. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles to be expanded from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Italian naval ship classes of World War II,, 120 millimetre (4.7 inch) M1918/19 Pattern (, 120 millimetre (4.7 inch), 50 calibre O.T.O. See more ideas about armored vehicles, italian tanks, italian army. A new discovery has been done by Paul G. Allen and his research team on boarding of R/V Petrel, his new research vessel outfitted with the latest deep sea exploration technology. This was an exposed location and six were sunk before the end of September, 1940, most in harbour by naval aircraft. These included full triple 533mm torpedo mountings, 40mm guns replaced by greater numbers of 20mm ones, The after torpedo tubes were replaced by 37mm guns. Many destroyers were rearmed in the interwar by the 53.3 cm (21″) Si 270/533.4 x 7.2 “M” modello. Three ships received two single 37mm anti-aircraft guns, which replaced the single 120mm (where installed) and the aft torpedo tube mountings. Forced to fast emersion in the Strait of Perim, the Italian submarine accepted the unfair gun engagement against three English destroyers (Kartoum, Kandahar and Kingstone) and one gunboat, Shoreham. Two more 20mm and two depth charge throwers were added. Destroyers, in particular, were utility ships in all the navies of World War II. Losses: Nembo, Ostro and Zeffiro torpedoed by British planes, Borea and Euro, by British and German bombs. The class' machinery introduced a unit design, whereby the boilers and engine for one shaft was housed separately from those for the other shaft. The Royal Navy and Commonwealth forces identified such warships as frigates, and that classification was widely accepted when the United States redesignated destroyer escorts as frigates (FF) in 1975. Eight destroyers, each in the charge of a commander, plus a specially fitted leader commander by a captain, usually comprised a flotilla. [3], All three were part of the Italian Red Sea Flotilla at the start of Italy's war in June 1940, where they were employed to lay mine fields and to disrupt British convoys, without any success. They were, however, like the latter, classified as destroyers in 1938. Rosolino Pilo during the war (hence the “RP” on its hull). One of the ship's features was 8 main battery guns placed in 4 twin mounts. Not only was the weight of armour increased by 24 per cent compared with d'Aosta, now totalling some 2,131 tons, but it was also distributed ih a different manner. With almost double the displacement, and a better armament with an extra 120 mm pair in the center, and better distributed rearranged TT banks, they were even faster at 38 knots. [13], These four ships were commissioned between July and December 1937. Destroyer Bersagliere in 1942 (Soldati class), showing the “wavy dark grey pattern” alternative to the standard Mediterranean angular type camouflage. Author’s illustration of the Alfieri, camouflaged in wartime, Oriani class. Italian tank destroyers were underpowered, thinly armored and few in number. The Italian Army in East Africa (Africa Orientale ltaliana or AOI) was impressive on paper with 88,000 Italian and 200,000 colonial troops but there were many weaknesses. The designation "exploratori", meaning "scouts", was originally given to a class of Italian warship that were between the then current destroyers and cruisers, in terms of size and firepower. As originally built, the class retained the older anti-aircraft fit of two 40mm and four 13.2mm guns. Grecale in 1942, rear view – Associazione Venus. This story of transalpine DDs pretty much ends after November 1943 since the puppet-state called the RSI did not had a proper navy, limited to a handful of retroceded ships by the Germans. Specifications Déplacement 1 690 t. standard -2 250 t. Pleine Charge Dimensions 106,7 m long, 10,15 m large, 3,5 m de tirant d’eau Machines 2 hélices, 2 turbines Belluzo/Parsons, 3 chaudières Yarrow, 48 000 cv. Their main weaknesses were lack of anti-aircraft on their ships, so a full naval invasion would be stopped by French Air Force. A very large destroyer in comparison with her contemporaries, officially classified as a "light scout" for a long time. Italian destroyers were to pay a high price for these oversights, but they fought bravely and doggedly. In action, Calatafimi fought French ships during operation Vado, but was Captured by the Germans at Pireus in September 1943 (TA19) and was sunk by Greek submarine Pipinos in August 1944 in the Aegean Sea. Under the name “Semovente”, Italian self propelled guns were inspired by the success of the German StuG III on the Eastern front. Despite their design origins with the Turbine class, various changes resulted in the displacement, as originally built, increasing to 2,150 tonnes[2] These changes included a larger hull, remodelled bridge and had their engine exhausts trunked to a single funnel. Here you will find an overview and specifications of Italian WW2 self-propelled guns and various prototypes. In the last Royal Navy destroyer action of the Mediterranean, torpedo boats "TA-24" and "TA-29" were sun k. 13 June – Italian destroyer Strale sinks British submarine HMS Odin off Taranto. 1940 after serving as a `` light scout '' for a long time conflicts, and light. Have had a second fire control director installed aft ; two ships are not! You will find an overview and specifications of Italian destroyers after the war, (. 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