British Labour politician Harold Wilson (1916 - 1995), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, UK, 12th May 1975. British Prime Ministers who Died in Office. [5] Modern historians generally consider Sir Robert Walpole, who led the government of Great Britain for over twenty years from 1721,[6] as the first prime minister. Bottom left: Margaret Thatcher was the first female prime minister. News Flashes - Attlee Meets Pakistan Premier. Among the additions to the list of functions is the Prime Minister's role in policy making.There is no mention of any policy role for the Prime Minister in the 1947 paper, but in 2011 Lord Hennessy listed: Keeper, with the Deputy Prime Minister, of the Coalition's overall Political Strategy. Prior to the Georgian era, the Treasury of England was led by the Lord High Treasurer. Instead, Britain spent years actively working to prevent the establishment of a Jewish state. In th… Britain … Earl of Aberdeen, Tory, 1852 - 1855. https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/harold-wilson Top left: Robert Walpole was the first prime minister and longest serving of Great Britain. Jordan's Prime Ministers Since Independence From Great Britain Duties of the Prime Minister of Jordan . Events from the year 1947 in the United Kingdom. When preparing my study of The Prime Minister: The Office and Its Holders since 1945, I used a Cabinet Office paper on ‘Function of the Prime Minister and his Staff’ prepared in 1947. British Prime Minister between 1947-1990 - AQA a level history 1. [1] However, the term was regularly if informally used of Walpole by the 1730s. The appointment of a Prime Minister by the monarch is formal, based on advice given to them. He also was a founder and the first Head of the Commonwealth of Nations.. During his reign George was served by a total of 32 Prime Ministers; 4 from the United Kingdom, 7 from Australia, 2 from Canada, 1 from Ceylon, 1 from India, 2 from Ireland, 3 from Malta, 3 from New Zealand, 3 from Northern Ireland, 2 from Pakistan, 3 from South Africa and 1 from Southern Rhodesia The Prime Minister Clement Attlee talks about threat of Communism at TUC Conference. https://www.gov.uk/government/history/past-prime-ministers/clement-attlee ... 1945 to Saturday May 25 th, 1946, and Saturday May 25 th, 1946 to Tuesday February 4 th, 1947. [16] Modern academic consensus does not consider either man to have held office as prime minister,[17] and they are therefore listed separately. the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Secretary of State for the Northern Department, Living prime ministers of the United Kingdom, List of prime ministers of the United Kingdom by length of tenure, List of prime ministers of the United Kingdom by education, List of current heads of government in the United Kingdom and dependencies, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, List of government ministers of the United Kingdom, "History: from earliest times to the present day", "Administrations and Political Biographies", "The Platonic Idea and the Constitutional Deal", "The Origin of the Leadership of the House of Lords", "The High-Point of British Party Politics", "Prosecution of the War—Adjourned Debate (Sixth Night)", "Former Fellows of The Royal Society of Edinburgh", "List of Fellows of the Royal Society 1660–2007", "Central Asia—Russia and Afghanistan—the Russo–Afghan Frontier—Russian Advances", "Thatcher longest serving British prime minister", "May to form 'government of certainty' with DUP backing", "Prime ministers of the United Kingdom (1730–2011)", "Resignation of The Right Honourable David Cameron MP as Prime Minister", "Who is Theresa May: A profile of UK's new prime minister", "Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927", List of prime ministers of the United Kingdom, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_prime_ministers_of_the_United_Kingdom&oldid=1008010204, Lists of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, Lists of government ministers of the United Kingdom, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 February 2021, at 02:38. • 1 January – the government nationalises the coal industry in the UK and Cable & Wireless Ltd. [3] What confuses people is that Britain changed tack. The procedure. [18] By the late Tudor period, the Lord High Treasurer was regarded as one of the Great Officers of State,[18] and was often (though not always) the dominant figure in government: Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (Lord High Treasurer, 1547–1549),[19] served as Lord Protector to his prepubescent nephew Edward VI;[19] William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (Lord High Treasurer, 1572–1598),[20] was the dominant minister to Elizabeth I;[20] Burghley's son Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, succeeded his father as chief minister to Elizabeth I (1598–1603) and was eventually appointed by James I as Lord High Treasurer (1608–1612). Premier At Tuc. Viscount Palmerston, Liberal , 1855 - 1858. They are … The Prime Minister of Bengal was the head of government of Bengal Province and the Leader of the House in the Bengal Legislative Assembly in British India.The position was dissolved upon the Partition of Bengal in 1947. Selected Originals - News Flashes - Attlee Meets Pakistan Premier Alongside the chancellor, the prime minister … From the latter part of the 17th century until the early 19th, there were essentially two major political parties in Great Britain: the Whigs and Tories. Home » Politics, Prime Ministers » List of British Prime Ministers List of British Prime Ministers Please find enclosed a full list of British Prime Ministers :- Jul 13, 2016 - Explore Aeolos's board "Prime Minister", followed by 258 people on Pinterest. This is a list of prime ministers of the United Kingdom by age.This table can be sorted to display prime ministers of the United Kingdom by name, order of office, date of birth, age at appointment, length of retirement, or lifespan. There is no specific date for when the office of prime minister first appeared, as the role was not created but rather evolved over a period of time through a merger of duties. ... 1947 - The former colony of ... election after succeeding Theresa May as prime minister in July. Top right: Winston Churchill was the prime minister during World War II. Getty Images. He also oversaw the independence of Burma and Sri Lanka, and oversaw the partition of India However, though the advice is technically informal, the monarch would create a constitutional crisis if they did not comply. It was not until the Edwardian era that the title prime minister was constitutionally recognised. [14] Bath was invited to form a ministry by George II when Henry Pelham resigned in 1746,[15] as was Waldegrave in 1757 after the dismissal of William Pitt the Elder,[16] who dominated the affairs of government during the Seven Years' War. We’d like to set additional cookies to understand how you use GOV.UK, remember your settings … It is the highest civil office in the United Kingdom. Clement Atlee (1945-1951) • Clement Attlee was leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955, and served as Britain‟s Prime Minister from 1945 to 1951. Election results in Britain mean that Robert Peel is unable to form a Tory government, and Lord Melbourne returns as Britain's prime minister Go to Melbourne, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount (1779–1848) in World Encyclopedia (1 ed.) Neither was able to command sufficient parliamentary support to form a government; Bath stepped down after two days,[14] and Waldegrave after three. It was something of … Prime Ministers 1951 - 2007 2. [21], By the late Stuart period, the Treasury was often run not by a single individual (i.e., the Lord High Treasurer) but by a commission of Lords of the Treasury,[22] led by the First Lord of the Treasury. 20th-century prime ministers by average scholar rank # Prime Minister Years in office Party Mean score 1: Clement Attlee: 1945–1951: Labour: 8.3 2: Sir Winston Churchill: 1940–1945, 1951–1955: Conservative: 7.9 3: David Lloyd George: 1916–1922: Liberal: 7.3 4: Margaret Thatcher: 1979–1990: Conservative: 7.1 5: Harold Macmillan: 1957–1963: Conservative: 6.5 6: Tony Blair This portrait by George Harcourt (1868–1947) was painted in 1946, one year after the end of the Second World War and Attlee's political victory. We use some essential cookies to make this website work. [27] Stanhope died in February 1721 and Sunderland resigned two months later;[27] Townshend and Robert Walpole were then invited to form the next government. Walpole is also the longest-serving British prime minister by this definition. Age at appointment is determined by the day a prime minister assumed office for the first time. the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, was Bonar Law,[11] although the country was not renamed officially until 1927, when Stanley Baldwin was the serving prime minister.[12]. The role was not established by constitutional document but instead has evolved over the past 300 years. [4] In 1905 the post of prime minister was officially given recognition in the order of precedence. [13] The prime minister still holds the office of First Lord by constitutional convention,[29] the only exceptions being Lord Chatham (1766–1768) and Lord Salisbury (1885–1886, 1887–1892, 1895–1902).[30]. [10] The first prime minister of the current United Kingdom, i.e. Clement Attlee was the British Prime Minister when India became independent. [24], After the succession of George I in 1714, the arrangement of a commission of Lords of the Treasury (as opposed to a single Lord High Treasurer) became permanent. Sir Alex Douglas-Home (1963 - 1964) [8] The first to use the title in an official act was Benjamin Disraeli, who signed the Treaty of Berlin as "Prime Minister of her Britannic Majesty" in 1878. Due to the gradual evolution of the post of prime minister, the title is applied to early prime ministers only retrospectively;[13] this has sometimes given rise to academic dispute. Clement Attlee, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, announced on 20 February 1947 that: The British Government would grant full self-government to British India by 30 June 1948 at the latest, The future of the Princely States would be decided after the date of … [7] However, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was the first and Margaret Thatcher the longest-serving prime minister officially referred to as such in the order of precedence. Bottom right: Boris Johnson is the current prime minister. As of February 2021, there are five living former British prime ministers. https://www.tatler.com/article/worst-british-uk-prime-ministers March – postwar boom in births reaches peak. Legend for cells listed in the sixth column from right: Douglas Home disclaimed his peerage as the, sfn error: no target: CITEREFRoyal_and_Parliamentary_Titles_Act1927 (, sfnm error: no target: CITEREFThe_London_Gazette1924 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom, i.e. 15 July–20 August: "Convertibility Crisis": First few days of August – anti-Jewish riots, primarily in, 6 December – women are admitted to full membership of the, This page was last edited on 13 February 2021, at 02:05. Wikimedia list article. The first was Jawaharlal Nehru of the Indian National Congress party, who was sworn in on 15 August 1947, when India gained independence from the British Raj . 15 June – restrictions on foreign travel imposed during. Winston Churchill. Since 1947 India has had 14 prime ministers, 15 including Gulzarilal Nanda who twice acted in the role, of which 6 having at least one full term, ruling country for about 60 years. The most recent to die was Margaret Thatcher (1979–1990), on 8 April 2013. As per Wikipedia ” The Indian Independence Act 1947 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan. [26] Subsequently, Lord Stanhope and Lord Sunderland ran the government jointly,[27] with Stanhope managing foreign affairs and Sunderland domestic. 8. Buy British Prime Ministers by Parker, Robert J. [25] For the next three years, the government was headed by Lord Townshend, who was appointed Secretary of State for the Northern Department. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Post War Britain - The Right Honourable Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, KG OM CH PC FRS Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1945-1951) He was the first Labour Prime Minister ever to serve a full five-year term, as well as the first to command a Labour majority in Parliament. They can also abolish government departments or create brand new ones. A total of 7 Prime ministers have died in office. [28] From that point, the holder of the office of First Lord also usually (albeit unofficially) held the status of prime minister. (ISBN: 9781848689527) from Amazon's Book Store. (It can be found at The National Archives in CAB 21/1638). British Prime Ministers. The prime minister can, at any time, hire and fire ministers. A chronology of key events in the history of the United Kingdom. The last Lords High Treasurer, Lord Godolphin (1702–1710) and Lord Oxford (1711–1714),[23] ran the government of Queen Anne. See more ideas about british prime ministers, prime minister, first prime minister. [9], Strictly speaking, the first prime minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was William Pitt the Younger. [2] It was used in the House of Commons as early as 1805,[3] and it was certainly in parliamentary use by the 1880s. 1947 English cricket seasonFootball: England | Scotland1947 in British radio1947 in British television1947 in British music, Last edited on 13 February 2021, at 02:05, the largest non-nuclear single explosive detonation in history, Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod, Associated Provincial Picture Houses Ltd v Wednesbury Corp, wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, Matthew Oakeshott, Baron Oakeshott of Seagrove Bay, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, "Monthly ranked Hadley Central England temperature", "Monthly central England maximum temperature", "Llangollen International Eisteddfod – How it Started", "60th anniversary of William Pit disaster", "Scotland Hosts the World's Longest Running Film Festival", "Dalton, (Edward) Hugh Neale, Baron Dalton (1887–1962)", "Fact sheet: Women at Cambridge: A Chronology", "The Timelessness of Stephen Potter's Gamesmanship", "Will Fyffe: Glasgow and the art of drinking", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1947_in_the_United_Kingdom&oldid=1006471793, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10 February – major cuts in power supply due to shortages of fuel under. The prime Minister is the leader of the political party that holds the largest number of seats in the chamber and appointed by the Queen under constitutional conventions. It is incorrect to say that Britain created Israel. Labour Leader Clement Attlee visits Pakistan - they celebrate his birthday. 28. Harcourt became President of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters in 1945. Commonwealth Prime Ministers meet in London. The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the Government of the United Kingdom, and chair of the British Cabinet. Lord Bath and Lord Waldegrave are sometimes listed as prime ministers. The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the leader of Her Majesty's Government and chairs Cabinet meetings. Neither could be described as "modern" in the sense of organised voters working together, compromising their differences for the sake of gain at the polls. In Zionism’s early years Britain looked favourably upon the creation of a Jewish National. 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