1. The Constitution of the Year X was a national constitution of France adopted during the Year X (10) of the French Revolutionary Calendar (1802 in the Gregorian calendar).It amended the Constitution of the Year VIII, revising the Consulate to augment Napoleon Bonaparte's authority by making him First Consul for Life. The legacy of La Pepa. A general plebiscite followed thereafter resulting in 3,653,600 votes aye and 8,272 votes nay. The clearest example of this regime appeared in the French constitution of 1799, which established that the colonies were to be governed by “special laws.” While Napoleon initially did not define what exactly he intended by this, his intentions would be revealed in 1802, when he attempted to re-institute slavery across France’s colonies, particularly in Haiti. The Constitution of the Year XII was a national constitution of France adopted during the Year XII of the French Revolutionary Calendar (1804 in the Gregorian calendar).. Le projet ou la proposition de révision doit être examiné dans les conditions de délai fixées au troisième alinéa de l'article 42 et voté par les deux assemblées en termes identiques. In a new plebiscite during the spring of 1802, the French public came out in huge numbers to approve a constitution that made the Consulate permanent, essentially elevating Napoleon to dictator for life. Code de l'action sociale et des familles > Paragraphe 2 : Composition et fonctionnement. For the purpose of administration and justice, it is divided into departments, districts, and municipalities. French Revolutionary Wars A series of sweeping military conflicts from 1792 until 1802, resulting from the French Revolution. In nine essays by leading scholars, European Armies of the French Revolution, 1789–1802 provides an authoritative, continent-wide analysis of the organization and constitution of these armies, the challenges they faced, and the impact they had on the French Revolutionary Wars and on European military practices. Both the Malmaison Constitution and the Second Helvetic Constitution of 1802 proposed the repartition of Waldst鋞ten, though this did not take effect until Napoleon's Act of Mediation in 1803. https://courses.lumenlearning.com/.../chapter/napoleons-constitution History of the French Revolution - The Directory, the Consulate and the End of Revolution 1795 - 1802 The official result showed 99.76% of voters in favor of the change. 2. Modifiée par le sénatus-consulte du 7 novembre 1852, elle devient la constitution du Second Empire. The French State does not favour any one religion and guarantees their peaceful co-existence in respect of the laws and principles of the Republic. 4 August, 1802 (16 Thermidor, An X): A Sénatus-consulte organique is passed adapting the Constitution of An VIII to include the Life Consulship, known as the “Constitution of An X”. Le sénatus-consulte organique du 28 floréal an XII (18 mai 1804), dit Constitution de l’an XII [1], est le texte qui instaure le Premier Empire.Il sera principalement amendé par le sénatus-consulte du 19 août 1807 qui viendra supprimer le Tribunat.. It amended the Constitution of the Year VIII, revising the Consulate to augment Napoleon Bonaparte's authority by making him First Consul for Life. 2. The document described the tenets for freedom, a national sovereignty and the creation of a constitutional monarchy. The Cádiz Cortes ratified the Spanish Constitution of 1812. L'initiative de la révision de la Constitution appartient concurremment au Président de la République sur proposition du Premier ministre et aux membres du Parlement. In application of the secular principle, the law of 15 March 2004 prohibits all clothing or other attire displaying religious worship to be worn in schools. Adoption. FRENCH CONSTITUTION of the twenty-fourth of June, 1793. of the republic. 32. This action was confirmed by the Corps Législatif. French Revolution and Rise of Napoleon Plan of a Declaration, CW 2, 560. La constitution du 14 janvier 1852 est la constitution de la II e République française promulguée le 14 janvier 1852 par le président de la République, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, après son coup d'État du 2 décembre 1851. A liberal constitution, it drew inspiration from the constitutional texts of the American Revolution and French Revolution. They pitted the French First Republic against Britain, Austria and several other monarchies. (Articles D311-4 à D311-20) 3. 15 August, 1802 (27 Thermidor, An X): Celebration of Bonaparte’s birthday and the ‘Fête du Consulat à vie’ with a Te Deum at Notre-Dame cathedral in Paris. Although Josephine had two children from her previous marriage, she had not borne Napoleon any heirs. The First French Empire, officially the French Republic ... On 12 May 1802, the French Tribunat voted unanimously, with the exception of Carnot, in favour of the Life Consulship for the leader of France. Slavery is abolished forever and the constitution eliminates social distinctions of race and color, stating “all individuals be admitted to all public functions depending on their merit and without regard to race or color.” French Revolution Images Iconography from the collections of the Bibliothèque nationale de France For example, to run for governor a white man had to own property worth at least $5,000. The French Republic is one and indivisible. The 1801 Constitution was promulgated on July 8th, 1801 by the Governor General Toussaint Louverture, who sent a letter to Napoléon accompanying this document. Of seven million eligible voters, 49.45% abstained. Le Sénat conservateur le rédige à la demande du Premier consul à vie, en reprenant les grandes lignes du Consulat. Voir toutes les vidéos, replay et direct en streaming sur la plateforme france.tv A study of the present Constitution of the Fifth Republic France demands a brief study of the history of constitutional development, particularly after the French Revolution of 1789. The Constitution of the Year X was a national constitution of France adopted during the Year X (10) on 16 Thermidor (4 August) of the French Revolutionary Calendar (1802 in the Gregorian calendar). Art 77 — The General-in-Chief Toussaint Louverture is and remains charged with sending the present Constitution for the approval of the French government. The marriage of a French prince made without the authorisation of the Emperor entails deprivation of all right of inheritance, both for him who contracts it and for his descendants. While the French occupied most of Spain during the Napoleonic Wars (1803 – 1815), representatives from Spanish provinces met in Cádiz to draft language regarding democracy. The document even stipulated how much property one had to own to qualify for certain offices. Try La Croix International now for just USD 4.99 a Quarter! See also: The English translation of this constitution. As revolutionary as the new constitution was – it curtailed the monarch’s power, affording ordinary people rights they had never had, and was commemorated in many Spanish towns and cities with an “Avenida de la Constitution” or “Plaza de la Constitution” - French occupation meant that it wasn’t enacted for some years. The Constitution of 1812 reflected this attitude and reserved the right to vote and run for office to white men who owned land and paid property taxes. A new constitution of his own devising legislated a succession to rule for his son, even though he had not yet fathered any children. The French Parliament (French: Parlement français) is the bicameral legislature of the French Republic, consisting of the Senate (Sénat) and the National Assembly (Assemblée nationale).Each assembly conducts legislative sessions at a separate location in Paris: the Palais du Luxembourg for the Senate and the Palais Bourbon for the National Assembly. constitution of 1802 in a sentence - Use "constitution of 1802" in a sentence 1. For … The Constitution has in fact inherited a lot from the past constitutions in general and from the constitutions of the Third and the Fourth Republics in particular. The French … The Constitution of 1801 (French: Constitution de 1801) of Saint-Domingue is sometimes also referred to as Toussaint Louverture's constitution. The active collaboration of Paine in the draft of the constitution, prepared mostly by Condorcet, has been always underlined by the historiography, cf. 2 (London: Routledge/Thoemme Press, 1996), 37–38. French Revolution Images Iconography from the collections of the Bibliothèque nationale de France READ PAPER. The constitution, which is sent to France, sanctions the structures Louverture has already set in place, and emphasizes the bourgeois principles of the French Revolution. 1958 Constitution:The current Constitution of French was adopted in 1958, although several subsequent amendments have been made.This Constitution is frequently referred to as the Constitution of the Fifth Republic to distinguish it from the many prior constitutions that were in effect for various historical periods. 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