Int J MCH Aids. Oti SO, Odimegwu C: Perinatal mortality in Nigeria: do place of delivery and delivery assistants matter. Rajaratnam JK, Marcus JR, Flaxman AD: Neonatal, postneonatal, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries,1970–2010: a systematic analysis of progress towards millennium development goal 4. Determinants of mortality in these infants with NNT included low socio-economic class (P=0.002), no antitetanus vaccination (P=0.006), presentation with spasms (P<0.001), and non-administration of anti-tetanus serum during treatment (P=0.013). The implication of this study is that policy makers and stakeholders in health care will be exceedingly optimistic about the ability of health campaigns to solely encourage utilization of appropriate living standards to improve life expectancy. The social determinants of infant mortality and birth outcomes in western developed nations: a cross-country systematic review. RESEARCH ARTICLE Trends in and determinants of neonatal and infant mortality in Nigeria based on Demographic and Health Survey data Kamalesh Kumar Patel1, Jang Bahadur Prasad2* and Rajeshwari A. Biradar3 1Indian Institute of Health Management Research, Rajasthan, India, 2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, KLE University, India and 3School of Development Studies, Tata … Chart and table of the Nigeria infant mortality rate from 1950 to 2021. 1994, 8 (1): 17-39. Ghose B, Yaya S, Tang S. Anemia status in relation to body mass index among women of childbearing age in Bangladesh. neonatal survival series paper 1. Our study focused on the total number of children lost by male partners and female partners respectively who were married. Short-interval births could have adverse effects on the mother’s biological well-being and there could be economic resource competition between infants, especially in poor households, as well as inadequate care given to infants compared with high-ranked infants [39]. Infant mortality rate is 88 per 1,000 live births, and neonatal mortality rate, 40 per 1,000 live births, with a concurrent increase in the number of live births. When the place of residence was replaced by household wealth index in the final model, neonates born to mothers in poor households had a high risk of neonatal death, although this was not statistically significant (HR = 1.24, 95% CI: 0.93–1.65). http://www.unicef.org/sowc08/docs/sowc08.pdf. The theoretical or logical hypothesis raised in the study are supported and reconfirmed as valid when subjected to analysis using the refined technique of ZINB for over-dispersed and zero-inflated outcome data. 2016;20(1):10. dekanmbi VT, Kayode GA, Uthman OA. Therefore, this study assessed the trends and drivers of NMR, IMR, and U5M over a decade in Nigeria. Chukwu Angela 1* & Okonkwo Uju 1 Department of Statistics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Abstract: Many researchers in Nigeria have made efforts during the past decades to … Anyamele OD. Objectives To identify common factors associated with post-neonatal, infant, child and under-5 mortality in Nigeria. The current infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2021 is 57.701 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.5% decline from 2020.; The infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2020 was 59.181 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.44% decline from 2019. 1997, 44: 989-1002. In Nigeria, the childhood mortality rate stands at 128 per 1000 live births, … 12, Maternal and Child Health in Africa for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Beyond 2015, pp. Nigeria is yet to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets, regardless of national and international implementation projects on the reduction of mortality. Nigeria has a rapid population growth but the resources are not increasing at the same pace. Sunday-Adeoye I, Kalu CA: Pregnant Nigeria women’s view of caesarean section. where? The objective of this study is to assess sociodemographic and other determinants of neonatal mortality in Wesley Guild Hospital (WGH), Ilesa, Nigeria. El AI, Abed Y, Majdi A. Determinants and risk factors of neonatal mortality in the Gaza strip, occupied Palestinian territory: a case-control study. The outcome variable for this study was neonatal death as reported by the mothers who participated in the survey, and it was defined as the death of a neonate between birth and 1 month of life. The survey was conducted by the National Population Commission in conjunction with the ICF Macro, Calverton, MD, USA, in 36 states and the federal capital territory [7]. 2014;1:110–20. The 2008 NDHS men’s questionnaire was the same as the women’s questionnaire, but did not contain a detailed reproductive history, maternal and child health, or nutrition. The proportion of the variance of the response variable that is explained by the independent variables was (McFadden) Pseudo R2 = 0.309, which showed that the fitness of the model was satisfactory. Titaley CR, Dibley MJ, Agho K, Roberts CL, Hall J: Determinants of neonatal mortality in Indonesia. In the third stage, forty-five households were chosen in every rural and urban cluster through systematic sampling using the sample frame. The 2008 NDHS was a multi-stage cluster sample survey of 36,298 households. The strengths and weaknesses of this study need to be considered when drawing specific inferences. While maternal mortality has declined worldwide in the past 25 years, this is not the case for Cameroon. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of post-delivery outcomes at 40 churches in Enugu State, Nigeria between 2013 and 2014. Determinants of under-five Mortality in Nigeria: An application of Cox proportional hazard and Cox frailty models. However, the study has few drawbacks in that this research was unable to access the age interval where most deaths occurred and we could not determine whether the exact causes of death were due to epidemic, natural disaster, nutritional diseases, family factors, locations or any other cause. An under-five childhood mortality rates in Nigeria is still high, despite efforts of government at all levels to combat the menace. Adeboye MA, Ojuawo A, Ernest SK, Fadeyi A, Salisu OT. effect on child mortality, particularly to assess the relationship between the environment and childhood mortality in Nigeria and identify the environmental determinants of child mortality, controlling for other covariates. SY, ME, GT, GB, VS and BK were involved in data cleaning and analysis, results interpretation, drafting and revision of the manuscript. Neonates born to mothers residing in rural residences had a higher NMR than those living in urban residences (NMR: 38.9 vs 31.3). Terms and Conditions, 1995, 98 (3): 155-160. Findings from previous studies in Nigeria and several developing countries revealed numerous predictors of mortality [21, 22]. The purpose of this study was to identify determinants for infant mortality among this cohort. avoidable neonatal deaths in Nigeria. A total of 888 clusters were selected for the 2008 NDHS sample survey. 2011, 14: 276-279. In Nigeria and Burkina Faso, factors associated with under-five mortality were reported as lack of parental formal education, poverty and living in rural areas, season of birth, inter-pregnancy interval and distance from health care facilities [19, 20]. Statistics show that most sub-Saharan countries in Africa, including Nigeria, have a lot to do in achieving the SDG3. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. Each year in Nigeria, more than a quarter million neonates die, which translates to approximately 700 neonates every day [5]. 2012, http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/levels_trends_child_mortality_2012.pdf. Nigeria has one of the highest child mortality rates in the world, recent data from the United Nations sources show the U5 mortality rate in Nigeria for 2010 is 142 per 1,000 live births. Google Scholar. Of the world’s 7.7 million deaths in those aged younger than 5 years, 3.1 million occurred after birth through to 1 month of life (neonatal deaths) [2]. Tackling the death of children, whether during perinatal, early or late neonatal, childhood or adolescent age is posing a difficult task in Nigeria. J. Analyses were performed using STATA/MP version 12.0 (StataCorp, College Station, TX, USA). The survey was done across the entire population. Omariba DWR, Boyle MH. Most of these deaths occur in northern Nigeria where health indices are poorer. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2013. Therefore, this study presents population-based data on risk factors associated with neonatal mortality in Nigeria. The women’s questionnaire consists of information included, but not limited to, birth history, childhood mortality, fertility preferences, knowledge and use of family planning methods, antenatal care, delivery, postnatal care, vaccinations, and childhood illnesses, as well as malaria prevention and treatment. Study variables were obtained for 8658 couples captured in the data set. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and identify the causes and factors associated with stillbirth in eight referral hospitals in Nigeria. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-521, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-521. Article  Evidence-based knowledge of trends and drivers of child mortality will aid proper interventions needed to combat the menace. CAS  The sampling method for the 2013 Nigeria DHS was a three-stage stratified random sample. Becher H, Muller O, Jahn A, Gbangou A, Kynast-Wolf G, Kouyate B. Introduction: Despite efforts toward the prevention and management of diarrhoea, associated mortality among infants has remained high in Northern Nigeria. Demography. Abstract. The NMR was calculated by using a similar method described by Rutstien and Rojas [22]. Among sero-positive women diagnosed during pregnancy and had counseling on infant feeding options employed while only about two-thirds of partners! To respiratory problems [ 27 ], Osinusi K: neonatal mortality in Nigeria the prevalence and identify the and. [ 1 ] neonatal ( NMR: 41.4 vs 31.7 ) sampling method for 2008. The converse was however true for age at first birth which was also statistically.! 2017 ) systematic review Uthman OA bulk of evidence accumulated during the periods under study: an analysis of 2007. Systematic sampling using the sample frame was drawn from a list of localities potential independent variables the... 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