“The basic issue of concentration, the structural issue, has been fairly constant in news media for some decades,” he said. Find out more about the snapshot and maps. The public broadcaster – the ABC – continues to face battles to maintain its funding, with cuts and restrictions constantly pushed by News Corp’s bevy of culture war commentators. Updated Updated 01/03/2016 Digital has helped us stay connected – whether it’s through social media with friends, keeping across the news or conferencing for work. (ACMA, 2020) Why does media ownership matter? Media ownership in Australia is a controversial issue and is a tough issue to address. The book covers thirteen media industries, including television, newspapers, book publishing, film, search engines, ISPs, wireless telecommunication, and others across a 10- to 25-year period in thirty countries. Australia had the 10th most concentrated content media industry by this measure, and was very close to the global average. So what has happened since then? The study was a collaboration between academics in 30 countries, and it collated and analysed data on the ownership and concentration of media in each nation. The information comes from a variety of public sources. Statement on subscription television and foreign ownership rules . Hill will become an even more influential media boss in 2020 should a $40 million acquisition of Seven's Pacific Magazines be cleared by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. 1609116240 By Cameron England December 28, 2020 First published on Fri 13 Nov 2020 19.00 GMT. This data includes 209 metropolitan, regional and community newspapers, and includes Sunday editions. This does not show shareholding interests under 5%, or all companies in a corporate chain. The research further differentiated “content media” – newspapers, magazines, books, radio, TV and film – and “platform media”, which consists of sectors like telecom and internet service providers. With further consolidation of media companies likely thanks to Federal Government deregulation, the real risk is that Australian stories – our “truth” – will be told largely by two companies. Using company ownership data from Bloomberg, I analysed the ownership of Australia’s 20 biggest companies a few days after the 2019 federal election in May. They are not meant to give a full picture of all media interests in Australia. The snapshot and maps are a guide only. You should make your own enquiries and use your own judgement about the facts. This intention was thwarted in 1984 when Rupert Murdoch – proprietor of News Limited which controlled newspapers plus Channel Ten – gave up his Australian citizenship for US citizenship so Murdoch’s News Corporation could acquire broadcast media interests in the United States. His son, Lachlan Murdoch, is a majority shareholder in Nova, Network Ten, 93.7FM and FiveAA.• Fairfax. It’s worth taking a new look at how concentrated the ownership of Australian media is, and how it compares to other countries around the world. However it is a good indication that the industry remains highly concentrated and is probably at the higher end in a global comparison. [1] Despite these restrictions, today Australia has a relatively high degree of media concentration. Since the Who Owns the World’s Media research was carried out, APN News & Media was bought by News Corp in December 2016, further concentrating ownership. I’ve counted any site that has an Australian-specific homepage or edition, and a substantial editorial staff presence in Australia. As of 2020, the largest media conglomerates in terms of revenue rank Comcast, The Walt Disney Company, AT&T, and ViacomCBS, per Forbes. While this isn’t the same as circulation we can use it as a reasonable proxy to approximate market share. News website HHI and market share was calculated using Nielsen’s unique audience figures for September 2020 which covers 59 websites. In 2018, the takeover of Fairfax Media by Nine increased concentration again, until Nine sold regional and community newspaper group Australian Community Media (AMC). For better or worse, the media spotlight shone brightly on many business leaders in 2020, but there was one CEO that outshone them all – by a mile. Nov 11th 2020, 9:08 AM ... AUSTRALIA’S PARLIAMENT WILL launch an inquiry into media ownership, ... said the Senate had backed her push to probe the lack of news media diversity in Australia. Who owns who in Australia’s media With media ownership restrictions scrapped, the industry is likely to see more mergers and marriages between its major players. This debate has been fuelled by the advent of new media technologies, a number of inquiries proposing regulatory changes, and the self-interest of those media organisations that report the controversy. The Saturday edition figures for mastheads were excluded. Kerry Stokes owned media in Australia Janet Cameron owned media in Australia Currently News Corp controls around 70 per cent of newspapers in the country, ahead of rival newspaper group Fairfax Media Ltd. Individuals and corporations with vested commercial interests in the outcome of the election, such as Rupert Murdoch, the founder and CEO of News Corp, used the media to sway” voters with headlines such as: “Australia needs Tony” and “Kick this Mob [Labor] Out”. Last, Sony has a portfolio of investments, much like other media companies on this list. This book moves beyond the rhetoric of free media and free markets to provide a dispassionate and data-driven analysis of global media ownership trends and their drivers. Australia’s newspaper industry ranked third in 2011, behind state-owned media of China and Egypt, Fri 13 Nov 2020 21.14 GMT The authors described this combination of high concentration with an upward trend as “problematic”, highlighting Australia alongside Switzerland, the Netherlands, Italy, Turkey, France and Russia. Ownership was assigned for all newspapers where possible. All rights reserved. This is an updated version of an article and analysis written in 2018. The displayed data on car ownership shows results of the Statista Global Consumer Survey conducted in Australia in 2020. Here is a list of the main media owners in Australia:• The Murdochs. But despite the howls of outrage, there has bene little political appetite to do anything about it. Kevin Rudd’s petition calling for an inquiry into media diversity, particularly the Murdoch-owned sections of the media, and the subsequent announcement of a Senate inquiry into media diversity, have again focused attention on the state of Australia’s media industry. Sony also owns non-media assets, including a bank, financial holdings, and a creative suite. More than 500,000 Australians have signed a petition calling for an inquiry into the dominance of Rupert Murdoch's media empire. Based on these figures, the newspaper industry is still highly concentrated with a HHI of 3,280, and News Corp has more than half of the market at 52%: As the figures aren’t measuring circulation, it is not possible to measure them directly against the results of the 2016 study. However, as circulation is no longer available, and revenue figures aren’t available for smaller companies, I’ve used readership as a proxy for circulation. The newspaper industry no longer reports circulation, however, and now reports “average issue readership” for print, which uses survey data to estimate the average number of people who read each single “issue” of a given newspaper. The ACMA regulates ‘pay-TV’ in Australia under Part 7 of the Broadcasting Services Act 1992 relating to subscription television. There have been regular calls and inquiries into media ownership in Australia. Australia's proposed media code could break the world wide web, says the man who invented it. This includes ASX notices, annual reports, company announcements and websites. 16 December 2020. The Broadcasting Services Act 1992 tells us how we define these companies. “When you look at print, you’re getting increasing concentration with smaller reach. “I can’t see any official policies doing much to improve the situation,” he said. But because it is complex and often changes, we cannot confirm it will always be accurate or up to date. Prof Rodney Tiffen from the University of Sydney was one of the Australian researchers on the 2016 study and says he’s unaware of any similar global comparisons since. It’s a shrinking total market, but within that market the biggest fish are still getting bigger,” he said. International media mogul Rupert Murdoch owns a number of Australia’s major capital city newspapers, including The Herald Sun, The Daily Telegraph and The Courier-Mail. Commercial media organisations are privately owned companies that compete to make profits through advertising and program sales. We will update the media interests snapshot and associated maps (the infographics) as required. There have been some major moves in the Australian media landscape over the past few weeks, with ownership changes, restructuring and massive job cuts announced. “I do think the advent of Guardian, Crikey, the Conversation, Inside Story, these sorts of things have enriched what is available, but their reach and penetration into wider society is not anything like what used to exist,” Tiffen said. The information is not professional or legal advice. Investments. Australia has a modern and diverse media industry spanning traditional and digital formats, and catering mostly to its predominantly English-speaking population. “There’s actually a lot of good professional [journalistic] work going on, but in many ways the gap between information rich and information poor is growing rather than narrowing.”. Although Australia's media ownership laws have remained unchanged for over a decade, debate on the desirability of reform has continued unabated. Print HHI and market share was calculated using “average issue readership” figures from the emma database for the period covering July 2019 to June 2020. Flamboyant West Australian entrepreneur Alan Bond bought media assets—including the Channel Nine television stations in Sydney and Melbourne—from Kerry Packer, then one of Australia's media moguls, for more than $1 billion. The Broadcasting Services Act 1992 tells us how we define these companies. The high newspaper industry ownership concentration was largely due to Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp which, at the time, controlled 57% of the newspaper market by circulation. Successive governments have made laws trying to prevent the foreign ownership of Australian media. It is also worth pointing out that the media of several of the countries that ranked more highly are largely state-owned, such as in China and Egypt. They looked at which companies controlled how much of any given market using various measures of concentration. • The headline of this article was amended on 13 November 2020 to clarify that it is Australia’s newspaper ownership that is among the most concentrated in … However, while the online news sector is more diverse, it has yet to replace the local reporting done by regional and community newspapers. To get a current picture of media ownership concentration it is possible to work out the HHI index based on the most recent data available, and also to look at the percentage of the market covered by the top four companies. But it wasn’t all fun and games. “The structural issues are immovable, and the cultural issues are not things that governments can do much about.”. View recent updates. “But it has been made worse by how – in Malcolm Turnbull’s words – how increasingly propagandistic News Corp has become.”. ... tracking the behaviours cemented by the extreme events of 2020. The results show that in 2011 Australia had the most concentrated newspaper industry out of any country studied with the exception of China and Egypt: Australia’s content media industry as a whole was also highly concentrated, and had been getting steadily more concentrated over time. Audience and readership figures both include duplicate “readers” when summed to produce market share percentages, unlike the calculation of market share via circulation. Here, while News Corp has the highest market share it’s almost half of the market share of print newspapers at 26%: Putting all of this together, Tiffen suggests that as newspaper circulation continues to decline, the dominance of News Corp will have less impact nationally. Click on a company to bring up a map of where it operates and the details of its media operations. We have tried to make sure the information shown in the graphics is correct. These non-media assets don’t publish information, but they certainly play a major role in Sony’s financial success. The online news market is much more diverse when looking at market share by audience, with an HHI score of 1,739. Despite the announcement of a Senate inquiry, Tiffen is not sure how the situation could be improved. Ownership of Australia’s newspapers is one of the most concentrated in the world, but changes in how media companies measure their audience figures make it difficult to get an up-to-date picture. CBS beat a joint bid from Australian media moguls Lachlan Murdoch and Bruce Gordon, which prompted the Government to reform existing media ownership laws by way of the Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Broadcasting Reform) Act 2017 (Cth) (Broadcast Reform Amendments), which repealed key cross-media ownership limitations (discussed in question 5.3 below). Media Ownership in Australia (And Why it Matters) April 9, 2019 March 20, 2020 ~ James It will come as no surprise to you (particularly if you have attended the media ownership lecture) that the vast majority of Australian media is owned by a few large corporations that in turn own lots of smaller media organisations within the country. The snapshot provides an overview only of the main interests in major TV and radio networks and related newspapers. They are not meant to give a full picture of all media interests in Australia. • The headline of this article was amended on 13 November 2020 to clarify that it is Australia’s newspaper ownership that is among the most concentrated in the world, rather than its news media as a whole as an earlier version had stated. The displayed data on consumer electronics ownership shows results of the Statista Global Consumer Survey conducted in Australia in 2020. For each country, the researchers calculated a number of different measures of market concentration across 13 media industries. Every Australian television channel by their owning company: contact details, websites, email addresses, logos and more information. What does the industry look like in 2020? How we enforce rules for gambling services, Technical Planning Guidelines for broadcasters, Broadcasting transmitter (apparatus) licences, Renew or transfer a community broadcasting licence, Temporary licences for community broadcasters, Carrier and Carriage Service Provider licences, Rules for operating around submarine cables, Statutory Infrastructure Provider (SIP) register, Follow our rules to supply your electrical product, Steps for antenna installers to fix TV reception, Business operating procedures for spectrum, Media Interests snapshot can be downloaded as an image, Media Interests snapshot and media interest maps—package. One key measure is the Herfindahl-Hirschman index (HHI), which sums the square of the market share of all companies in the market to give an index ranging from 0, the least concentrated, to 10,000, which indicates a monopoly – a market dominated by single owner. © 2021 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. media diversity, particularly the Murdoch-owned sections of the media, sold regional and community newspaper group Australian Community Media (AMC), industry market research company IBISWorld does. ... From Mystery Road to The Secrets She Keeps: the 10 best Australian TV shows of 2020. From 1987 to 2006, Australia had specific legislation limiting foreign ownership of media companies on the continent, as well as restrictions on cross-ownership of media companies meant to preserve the diversity of news media. In nations described as authoritarian by most international think-tanks and NGOs, media ownership is generally something very close to the complete state control over information in direct or indirect ways. The petition is accepting signatures until 11.59 on 4 November 2020. Media ownership matters in the way our news and media can be regulated and delivered to us. In 2016, a landmark study on media ownership and concentration, Who Owns the World’s Media?, was published. The 2013 federal election demonstrated the corrosive effects of concentrated media ownership on democracy. Non-Media Assets. The snapshot provides an overview only of the main interests in major TV and radio networks and related newspapers. As a media consumer, it never occurred to me to have individuals be in control of what we are exposed to and what we consume. Foreign interests in Australian media Learn more. News Corp has 53.3% of the newspaper market by revenue, and if you compare the distribution of the top four companies across newspapers, radio and TV, News Corp’s market share is a clear outlier: In both radio and television, the largest player has only 26% and 27% of the market respectively. the media landscape was dominated by print newspapers and commercial radio and TV services The associated maps also include the ACMA's views about a person being a 'controller' of media operations. A decision is expected in April and if successful will make Bauer an even more significant presence in … Your support powers our independent journalism, Available for everyone, funded by readers. This is a summary of the main interests in major commercial TV and radio networks and associated newspapers. It’s also possible to measure market share by revenue, which is what industry market research company IBISWorld does. 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