Scanning for a VAC area would be skipped if the scheduling request specified "NOVAC". Wiedergegeben mit Erlaubnis des Herausgebers des Journals Eric M. Jones . For the first half hour or so, neither Armstrong nor Aldrin did more than a shuffling walk as they went about their work and it was planned, after this initial period of familiarization, for Aldrin to try to take advantage of the one-sixth gravity and try to run. Armstrong and Aldrin were standing, held in place by elastic cords attached to the flooring. Drama was the last thing that any one had wanted for the first landing. By the time they disappeared behind the Moon for the fourteenth time, they were suited and undocked, and just minutes away from the 30-second burn that would put the LM on the Apollo 10 descent trajectory down to 50,000 feet. A close-up view of an astronaut's bootprint in the lunar soil, photographed with a 70 mm lunar surface camera during the Apollo 11 mission on the moon. The only time that programs were executed out of erasable was when we had to "patch" the program after it had been released and the fixed memory configuration had been manufactured. The Apollo 11 Telemetry Data Recordings: A Final Report (0.6 Mb PDF) TV and Communications Documentation Processing and Duplication of Apollo 11 Film, 25 … The complete Apollo 11 Flight Plan is available in PDF format. The Apollo Lunar Surface Journal is a record of the lunar surface operations conducted by the six pairs of astronauts who landed on the Moon from 1969 through 1972. The most conspicuous of the Moon’s surfacefeatures—those that can be seen with the unaided eye and that make up the feature often called “the man in the Moon”—are vast splotches of darker lava flows. If they got too low, Kranz would have to order an abort. On the Apollos 12 and 14, the ALSEP deployment typically took most of the first four-hour EVA and, as the first crew to do a lunar EVA, it seems unlikely that Armstrong and Aldrin would have been allowed to stay out that long. If I were to reboot now, all of those programs would be closed down. And that ended up being Tranquility Base. Second, if we target Apollo 10 for the next certified site west (certified landing sites were spaced about 12 degrees apart - about the distance the sunrise line moves in 24 hours - in case there was a launch delay and you didn't want to have to wait a whole month), the fact that Apollo 10 is going to spend an extra day in orbit means that, by the time you're ready to leave, the Sun will have risen on the third site. Because the more experienced people at the lab were concentrating on getting the Command Module Computer software right, the two kids were given the responsibility for programming the LM powered-flight routines. He then removed the bag from the Sampler, folded it, and stored it in a strap-on thigh pocket. Astronaut Scholarship Foundation. Movie. This is a Wiggle Stereo animation of a pair of images (a11-45-6697) of the fine structure of a portion of the lunar surface taken by the Apollo 11 crew with the Apollo Lunar Surface Close-up Camera designed by Cornell physicist Thomas Gold and also flown on A12, 13, and 14. It looked as though a crew that ventured a few hundred meters away from their LM would be able to run back in just a few minutes if the need arose. Centuries ago, early lunar observers thought that the Moon had continents and oceans and that it was a possible abode of lif… And Bill Hess was absolutely convinced - and was right - that, as soon as the contingency package existed, they'd take the ALSEP off of Apollo 11. Comparison of values of the specific radioactivities reported for lunar surface material from the Apollo 11 mission with analogous data for stone meteorites suggests that energetic particles from the solar flare of 12 April 1969 may have produced most of the cobalt-56 observed. The journal presently covers eleven human flights of the Apollo program, relating the parts of the missions not on the lunar surface. Related: Apollo 11 Apollo 11 Crew Apollo 11 Astronauts Apollo 11 Earth Apollo 11 Geological Samples Apollo 11 Flag Apollo 11 Moon Landing Tv Apollo 11 Items Left Behind . On that first orbit, the planned landing site itself was still enveloped in pre-dawn darkness and it wasn't until their fourth pass - during LM checkout (4.9 Mb movie clip, produced by Gary Neff) - that Aldrin reported seeing it from the LM windows. Not until after an event called pitchover - when the spacecraft rotated from 60 degrees off vertical to 20 degrees - did the astronauts' roles become more than that of monitor-and-backup. So what NASA did was assign two astronauts to each of three phases of the mission: launch to Lunar Orbit Insertion (LOI), LOI to TEI (Trans Earth Insertion), and then the trip home. Other Apollo Commanders didn't have to work quite so hard when they were using the LEC. Collins would remain in a circular orbit 60 nautical miles above the Moon and, because of his higher altitude, it was he who was first to regain radio contact with Earth. On Apollo 11, each time a 1201 or 1202 alarm appeared, the computer rebooted, restarted the important stuff, like steering the descent engine and running the DSKY to let the crew know what was going on, but did not restart all the erroneously-scheduled rendezvous radar jobs. For Apollo 12 and subsequent flight, the crews did not connect their Liquid Cooled Garments to the Environmental Control System after getting back in the cabin after an EVA and reversed the direction of air flow in the suits so that fresh air came in through the torso , rather than the helmet. From the Apollo 11 Image Library S69-21698 Apollo 11 crew and a Navy diver await pickup after splashdown. The LM was equipped with a pair of broad-beam, "omni-directional" antennas, but a high rate of data transmission could be achieved only through use of a narrow-beam, steerable antenna. The long hours of training paid off, of course. However, despite being very busy with things in the spacecraft for nearly two hours after they landed, from time to time they stole glances out the window and described the scene for the radio audience back on Earth. At that time the only thing NASA really had ever done in any detail was the so-called design reference mission. And when we left the room, George had indicated that he didn't think it was a good idea. Despite the drama of the moment and the enormous feelings of elation and relief that they both felt, Armstrong and Aldrin had little time for anything but getting the LM ready for an immediate departure. With time running short, he began a hurried collection of rocks and soil and his heart rate climbed to the 120-140 beat range. And even I couldn't argue that we ought to go further west.". Finally, Armstrong found a place that he liked and he began to kill his forward velocity and let the LM ease down toward the surface. The rest period was, they said, "almost a complete loss." Even with the computers to help, landing a LM was a tricky operation, one that required countless hours of training in indoor simulators and in an ungainly "flying bedstead" called - more formally - the Lunar Landing Training Vehicle. ', "There was lots of discussion about it. Nonetheless, it was the smallest margin of all the Apollo landings. To learn more, visit the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal's Apollo 11 page. The LM would be coming around the corner in just a moment and right on time. I mean, at that same time, some people were saying 'Well, maybe we ought to just have one guy go out on an umbilical; it's too dangerous.' As planned, he had fuel enough for five more minutes of flight. From the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal. I haven't. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the United States was engaged in the Cold War, a geopolitical rivalry with the Soviet Union. Today's Highlight in History: Like its companion, the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, it is intended to be a resource for all those interested in the Apollo program, whether in a passing or scholarly capacity. Of Recovery back here on Earth lunar surface journal apollo 11 required more temporary storage, the program to ignore faulty! 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