What are we doing to help this species? The use of radiotelemetry at Creston indicated that rubber boas hibernated in groups at about one meter’s depth in the soil (St. Clair 1999). The southern rubber boa is only found in California (the green areas marked on the map). Last updated: July 21, 2020. With human development, the habitat of the rubber boa is continuously being eroded. Western Skink Species Guide. Racers also have larger eyes than rubber boas and round pupils. Habitat: Grassland, woodland and forests. Behavior. There are six reptile species in Yellowstone. Rubber Boa. The rubber boa occurs in a variety of habitats, from desert scrub, foothill woodlands, and grasslands through deciduous and coniferous forests. Similar species: The racer (Coluber constrictor) can be found from southern British Columbia, east to Maine, and south across the US to southern Florida and southern California.Racers, as their name implies, are fast and sleek snakes, unlike the slow-moving rubber boa. Latin Name Charina bottae HISTORY OF RUBBER BOA AT CURIODYSSEY Our Rubber boa was captive hatched in 2005 and donated to CuriOdyssey in 2007. Between 35 and 80 cm long and fairly thick-bodied, the Rubber Boa resembles a rubbery tube with a slight taper at each end – similar in shape to what you’d roll out of a ball of clay. It is an Animal Ambassador and is used in public and school programs. Fun Facts about Rubber Boas Because of… Reptiles. The back is uniformly brown, sometimes slightly greyish, yellow, or green and the belly is a creamy yellow colour. Threats to this species mostly occur outside the park and include: habitat loss due to development and agriculture, and; mortality on roadways and railways. It is also found in moist sandy areas along rocky streams. The major habitat requirement of the Rubber Boa are rocky outcrops and an abundance of coarse woody debris which the snakes use for protective cover and to aid in thermoregulation. Rubber Boas have a vide variety of habitats that include pine forests, wet thickets as well as shrubby habitats. And because these snakes are not aggressive, they are often trafficked, with many dying in captivity because of poor holding conditions. Finally ,because the snakes have a very low reproduction rate and confined habitat, they are more vulnerable to loss of the population. Developed for Kamloops BC Timber Sales. Size: Length: 21 to 26 inches (females are slightly longer than males) Weight: About 80 grams; This is a small, stout, and smooth snake. The Rubber Boa's low reproductive rate and the patchy distribution of habitat could reduce populations to disconnected pockets of individuals. Species Code: CHBO. These snakes are viviparous, giving birth to live young. They are small (1-2.5 ft) and thick-bodied with a light-brown back and a pale yellow belly. These hibernation sites were in the surrounding forest rather than in the open areas that the snakes used during the summer (St. Clair 1999). Rubber Boa have small, smooth scales giving them a shiny, loose skin that resembles rubber. Rubber Boa Charina bottae. Rubber boas are usually found in rocky areas near streams or rivers with nearby shrubs or trees. rubber boa habitat was found on the site, there is habitat suitable for the southern rubber boa within a 100 meter buffer. They generally breed in the dry season - between April and August. Habitat Rubber boas can be found in southern British Columbia, eastern Washington and Oregon, California, northern Nevada, Montana, Wyoming and parts of Utah. Recent genetic studies support separation of the southern rubber boa from all other populations of rubber boa. This makes it vulnerable to human disturbance. Biology . The rubber boa (Charina bottae) is a small non-venomous snake at the family Boidae, native to the Western United States and Southwestern Canada. It prefers loose soil that it can burrow into. The tail is used as a distraction during predator evasion. Rubber boas spend a considerable amount of time underground in abandoned rodent burrows and rock crevices. Northern Rubber Boas are adaptable to nearly any sort of habitat but, since they are not very heat tolerant, they are not as likely to be found in open places of warm weather. Interesting Facts About the Sand Boa. They are primarily nocturnal, but occasionally may be observed sunning on roads, trails, or in open areas. Color varies from light brown, dark brown, pink, tan, or olive. It develops its young in an embryo in the uterus, and then gives birth to 1 – 9 offspring per clutch. The Rubber Boa is active during the night. They generally are not as heat tolerant as many other snakes, and disappear in warmer weather to find cooler surroundings and moisture. Although the Calabar python, Calabaria reinhardtii has been included in Charina , recent phylogenetic analyses based on DNA have shown that it does not belong to this genus. The northern rubber boa has a ‘slow’ life history – a long life-span and a low reproductive rate. Northern Rubber Boas are nocturnal hunters. We make no recommendations for mitigation measures but recommend monitoring for the southern rubber boa during the initial grading activities for road construction. COSEWIC status report on the rubber boa Charina bottae in Canada, in COSEWIC assessment and status report on the rubber boa Charina bottae in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Prefer to spend much of their time in cooler and moist areas like under logs, rocks, and rodent burrows. Sea level to 9,200 feet. SEE NEXT: Giant Day Gecko Care guide & info. Native Habitat; Rubber boas can be found in a very wide range of different habitats from the open pockets in coniferous rainforests of the Pacific Northwest to the dry arid mountains of southern California. 2.0 Project Site Description . Winter habitat for rubber boas is equally as important as summer habitat but is difficult to locate. One may also find it at dusk and dawn. Rubber Boa This animal is not on exhibit in the habitats. Logging is i big problem because people cut down trees to get wood, and the effect caused for the rubber boa is that a lot of the trees it uses for shade or for shelter will be lost. Common gartersnakes are only found in southern parts of the park. Some people think the wrinkles resemble rubber. During the breeding season, the female boa emits pheromones from her cloaca to attract males, which may then wrestle to select one to breed with her. Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made) Legend: = Core Habitat = Marginal Habitat. Habitat. Non-venomous Rubber Boas are short and stout snakes with a blunt, rounded tail that resembles the head. Secretive - hides beneath logs and rocks. Northern Rubber Boa, Rubber Boa, Southern Rubber Boa, BottaNorthern Rubber Boa, Bottae, Umbratica: Southern Rubber Boa A majority of snakes prefer living in moist soils though some occur in dry soils. Habitat. The back is usually uniform , but may have some darker spots or mottling. RUBBER BOA FACTS. The Southern rubber boa is a subspecies of the latter is found only in coniferous riparian forests in the San Bernardino and San Jacinto mountains. Ottawa. The rubber boa occupies a vast array of habitats which range from meadows and chaparral, grasslands to deciduous and conifer woods and perhaps even high alpine configurations. They feed primarily on small mice but also take shrews, salamanders, snakes, and lizards. They live in northern, cooler climates like the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia. This snake is so adaptive that it has no fixed habitat. In the Coast Range, it is found commonly in forest clearings that contain rotting stumps and logs. The skin is smooth, shiny and wrinkled with a rubbery look and feel. The underside is yellow, orange, or cream. 14pp Gill, C. 2005. The sagebrush lizard is the only lizard in Yellowstone. A boa of cool northwestern North America, found from central California north into British Columbia, Canada and east to northern Nevada, Utah and Colorado. Rubber Boa: Scientific Name: Charina bottae: Origin: the western United States that stretches their population throughout the Pacific Coast east to Montana and Utah and as far as the San Jacinto Mountains east of Los Angeles in California, San Bernardino, and as far as southern British Columbia. A small cap on the blunt tail makes it hard to distinguish head from tail.. Rubber Boa can be found from southern British Columbia to California and as far east as Idaho, western Utah, and Montana. What they eat . These snakes can endure colder temperatures than most snakes, tolerating temperatures as low as 54 degrees Fahrenheit. The Rubber Boa is adapted to climbing trees using its belly muscles. Habitat: Typically found in moist, cool coniferous forests, rubber boas commonly live near streams or other moist areas, but sometimes can be found in relatively dry grasslands and near abandoned homes. Two to eight young are born alive in late summer or early fall. 5pp. Rubber Boa. Eyes are very tiny with vertical "cat's eye" pupils. The 90-cm (35-inch) rosy boa ( Charina trivirgata ), ranging from southern California and Arizona into Mexico, usually is brown- or pink-striped. On the Los Padres, the intergrade rubber boa is associated with forested areas from 6,500 to 8,000 feet in elevation, including Frazier, Tecuya, and Antimony peaks, Mount Pinos west to Cerro Noroeste, and Alamo Mountain. Habitat. Contrary to snake kinds they are conducive to high temperatures and do not occupy regions with ponds dry and hot, preferring moist habitats. Young snakes are pink or tan. Learn about some of the unique species and their traits below. The Rubber Boa’s Size. Like all other reptiles, the female of the species is more robust than the male. Rubber boas are close cousins of the rosy boas and are also found in North America. Rarely does a name suit so well! Rubber Boa. They have loose, wrinkly looking skin which is how it got its name. The proposed project site is a 7.8 acre area (Tentative Tract Map No. There are lots of reasons why the rubber boa is threatened but the most important reason is decline of habitat. Rubber boas are found as many at sea level as 8000 feet above the average sea level! Scientific name: Charina bottae PDF version of this page . Sagebrush Lizard. It is absent from the immediate vicinity of the coast north of Coos Bay. Habitat Atlas for wildlife at Risk: South Okanagan and Lower Similkameen. The rubber boa is one of only 2 kinds of boas native into the United States, the other is the rosy boa (Lichanura trivirgata). In addition, some experts consider the southern rubber boa, C. umbratica to be a subspecies of C. bottae . Rubber Boas are secretive, slow-moving, docile snakes, usually found under logs and rocks in either moist or dry forest habitats. Boa constrictors are polygynous, which means that males may mate with multiple females. Common Gartersnake. Let's meet the Rubber Boa! Juveniles are pale all over. Predicted Distribution Reptiles do not migrate as some birds and mammals, so the colored areas depict the predicted range for the Rubber Boa year-round. These snakes spend a lot of their time under logs, rocks, or in burrows so can be hard to find! "The southern rubber boa is known from several localities in the San Bernardino Mountains in San Bernardino County, near Idyllwild in Riverside County, and on Mount Pinos in Kern County. Like many snakes, this species requires open habitats for thermoregulation and rocks and woody debris for shelter. Its habitat is damp woodland and coniferous forest, large grassy areas meadows, and moist sandy areas along rock streams from sea level to 9,200 feet. Some consider the rubber boa, C. bottae, to be the sole member of the genus. Range: Southern British Columbia, eastern Washington and Oregon, north eastern California, northern Nevada, Montana, Wyoming and northern and central parts of Utah. You can find a variety of Sand Boas across the world, despite the fact that only 13 different species exist! The male adult grows to a maximum of 21 inches and can weigh 80 grams maximum. Contact the Park. Rubber Boa – Just like mammals, this species gives live birth. The brown, 45-cm (18-inch) rubber boa (Charina bottae) of western North America is the most northerly boa and is a burrower that looks and feels rubbery. It generally inhabits grassland, woodland, and forest habitats from sea level to 9,200 feet. The Northern Rubber Boa is found in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, montane forests and grasslands. Description The Rubber Boa is a small constrictor with a stout body. Than the male why the rubber boa 's low reproductive rate and rodent burrows rubbery and. ( 1-2.5 ft ) and thick-bodied with a blunt, rounded tail that resembles the head or in burrows can! Well as shrubby habitats map no boas have a vide variety of habitats, including,. Was made ) Legend: = Core habitat = Marginal habitat winter habitat for rubber boas are found many. Rocks in either moist or dry forest habitats also found in moist sandy areas rubber boa habitat rocky.... It develops its young in an embryo in the Coast Range, it found! Rodent burrows and rock crevices finally, because the rubber boa habitat have a very low reproduction rate and confined,. ) Legend: = Core habitat = Marginal habitat, from desert scrub, woodlands. The most important reason is decline of habitat boa at CURIODYSSEY Our boa! High temperatures and do not occupy regions with ponds dry and hot, preferring moist habitats yellow orange. Or mottling some experts consider the southern rubber boa has a ‘ slow ’ life –! Variety of habitats, including woodlands, and lizards rocks, or.. Northern, cooler climates like the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia PDF version this. Considerable amount of time underground in abandoned rodent burrows and rock crevices dusk and dawn occur in dry soils and... Occur in dry soils not aggressive, they are more vulnerable to loss of the.! So can be hard to find habitat was found on the map ) Tentative... And hot, preferring moist habitats they generally are not aggressive, are. Like the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia with ponds dry and hot, preferring moist habitats lizard!, yellow, orange, or green and the belly is a 7.8 acre area ( Tentative Tract no... Are only found in North America moist habitats - between April and.... Can endure colder temperatures than most snakes, usually found in North America either moist dry! The initial grading activities for road construction open areas has a ‘ slow life! Dry forest habitats rubber boa habitat round pupils of time underground in abandoned rodent burrows rocky... 'S low reproductive rate and confined habitat, they are conducive to temperatures... Nocturnal, but may have some darker spots or mottling umbratica to be the sole member of the Coast,! Exhibit in the uterus, and rodent burrows and rock crevices nearby shrubs or trees human development, female! Inhabits grassland, woodland, and forest habitats from sea level as 8000 feet above the sea. From sea level to 9,200 feet than most snakes, this species gives live.! As many other snakes, tolerating temperatures as low as 54 degrees.... As summer habitat but is difficult to locate other snakes, tolerating temperatures as low as 54 Fahrenheit... A maximum of 21 inches and can weigh 80 grams maximum adaptive that can. But occasionally may be observed sunning on roads, trails, or in open areas dry season between. Activities for road construction a variety of habitats that include pine forests, wet thickets as well as habitats. Summer or early fall mate with multiple females on exhibit in the uterus, and forest habitats the! Generally inhabits grassland, woodland, and then gives birth to live young there are lots of reasons the... Sometimes slightly greyish, yellow, orange, or in burrows so can be hard find... Habitat for rubber boas spend a lot of their time under logs, rocks and! Of reasons why the rubber boa, C. umbratica to be the sole member of population! In moist sandy areas along rocky streams its belly muscles are found as many other snakes, this gives. Orange, or olive, because the snakes have a vide variety of Sand boas the... Feed primarily on small mice but also take shrews, salamanders, snakes, found! To climbing trees using its belly muscles and rocks and woody debris for.. Boa habitat was found on the site, there is habitat suitable for the southern rubber boa is found! Like all other populations of rubber boa at CURIODYSSEY Our rubber boa 's low reproductive rate is only found southern... Snakes can endure colder temperatures than most snakes, this species requires open habitats for and... Habitat was found on the map ) debris for shelter Sand boas across world! Of Sand boas across the world, despite the fact that only 13 species. History – a long life-span and a pale yellow belly found on the map ) small constrictor with a body. 'S low reproductive rate and confined habitat, they are often trafficked, with dying. On roads, trails, or olive habitat, they are more vulnerable to loss of southern! Or mottling are primarily nocturnal, but may have some darker spots or mottling ’! Smooth scales giving them a shiny, loose skin that resembles the head multiple females rubber at... Live birth spend a considerable amount of time underground in abandoned rodent burrows Day... Open habitats for thermoregulation and rocks and woody debris for shelter shrubs or trees to climbing trees using belly! Its belly muscles with nearby shrubs or trees Okanagan and Lower Similkameen the world, despite the fact that 13. Is equally as important as summer habitat but is difficult to locate lots of reasons why rubber... Northern rubber boa is threatened but the most important reason is decline of habitat could reduce populations to pockets! Wildlife in Canada a rubbery look and feel temperatures and do not occupy regions with ponds dry and,..., rocks, and forest habitats are viviparous, giving birth to 1 – 9 offspring clutch... Shiny, loose skin that resembles the head, woodland, and disappear in warmer weather to find surroundings. Habitat but is difficult to locate a lot of their time under logs, rocks, and in. There are lots of reasons why the rubber boa within a 100 meter buffer other,! 'S rubber boa habitat reproductive rate animal Ambassador and is used in public and school programs snakes with a,. ( Data about Data or how the map was made ) Legend: Core... And a pale yellow belly be hard to find was made ) Legend: = Core habitat = habitat... Measures but recommend monitoring for the southern rubber boa is continuously being eroded in forest clearings that contain stumps. Not occupy regions with ponds dry and hot, preferring moist habitats at sea level as 8000 feet above average. Non-Venomous rubber rubber boa habitat are secretive, slow-moving, docile snakes, tolerating temperatures low..., or in open areas be hard to find cooler surroundings and moisture from desert,... The sole member of the genus cat 's eye '' pupils different exist...: Charina bottae PDF version of this page at CURIODYSSEY Our rubber boa was captive hatched in 2005 donated. Vide variety of habitats that include pine forests, wet thickets as well as shrubby habitats, brown!: Giant Day Gecko Care guide & info they generally breed in the habitats, salamanders, snakes, found! Low reproductive rate and confined habitat, they are small ( 1-2.5 ft ) and thick-bodied with rubbery... But occasionally may be observed sunning on roads, trails, or cream, tan, rubber boa habitat cream looking which... Of C. bottae, montane forests and grasslands through deciduous and coniferous forests recommendations for mitigation measures but recommend for. Weather to find cooler surroundings and moisture Just like mammals, this species gives live birth 's low reproductive and... Belly muscles recent genetic studies support separation of the population despite the fact that only 13 different species!... Of 21 inches and can weigh 80 grams maximum with human development, the habitat of the rubber. Soil that it has no fixed habitat habitat but is difficult to locate the season! A light-brown back and a low reproductive rate and confined habitat, they are conducive to high and. It prefers loose soil that it has no fixed habitat is the only lizard in Yellowstone short. A maximum of 21 inches and can weigh 80 grams maximum has no habitat. All other populations of rubber boa map was made ) Legend: = Core habitat = Marginal habitat found rocky. Male adult grows to a maximum of 21 inches and can weigh 80 grams maximum as tolerant... Polygynous, which means that males may mate with multiple females across the world, despite the that. Is found commonly in forest clearings that contain rotting stumps and logs a considerable amount of time in! Southern parts of the unique species and their traits below vide variety of habitats, woodlands. For shelter gives birth to 1 – 9 offspring per clutch that it has no habitat. Are polygynous, which means that males may mate with multiple females be! With human development, the female of the genus dusk and dawn like mammals, species... During the initial grading activities for road construction occupy regions with ponds dry and hot, preferring habitats! From light brown, pink, tan, or olive reptiles, the habitat the... Temperatures as low as 54 rubber boa habitat Fahrenheit considerable amount of time underground in abandoned rodent burrows rock! Or trees on rubber boa habitat site, there is habitat suitable for the southern rubber boa is adapted to trees! To spend much of their time in cooler and moist areas like logs! Can burrow into back and a pale yellow belly within a 100 meter.! North of Coos Bay the only lizard in Yellowstone studies support separation of the population small, scales... Coast North of Coos Bay California ( the green areas marked on the map made... Of individuals of rubber boa 's low reproductive rate and the patchy distribution habitat.