�Tc��7�;��� Alan Cruse identifies four types of linear polysemy:[4], In non-linear polysemy, the original sense of a word is used figuratively to provide a different way of looking at the new subject. <> ... or polysemy characteristic of this level of discourse. Semi-productive polysemy and sense extension. Research topics, theoretical tools and languages considered are quite diverse. Contributors to the ground-breaking Africa's Ogun, edited by Sandra Barnes (Indiana University Press, 1997), explored the complex nature of Ogun, the orisa who transforms life through iron and technology. Polysemy (/ p ə ˈ l ɪ s ɪ m i / or / ˈ p ɒ l ɪ s iː m i /; from Greek: πολύ-, polý-, "many" and σῆμα, sêma, "sign") is the capacity for a word or phrase to have multiple meanings, usually related by contiguity of meaning within a semantic field.Polysemy is thus distinct from homonymy—or homophony—which is an accidental similarity between two words (such as bear the animal, and the verb to bear); while homonymy is often … Having shown that some aspects of the semantic network are universal, we next ask whether the observed heterogeneous degrees of polysemy, possibly a manifestation of varying densities of near conceptual neighbors, arise as artifacts of language family structure in our sample, or if they are inherent to the … Hino, Y., Pexman, P.M., & Lupker, S.J. endobj Ã'sun presents a dynamic example of the resilience and renewed importance of traditional Yoruba images in negotiating spiritual experience, social identity, and political power in contemporary Africa This example shows the specific polysemy where the same word is used at different levels of a taxonomy. If the two senses of the same word do not seem to fit, yet seem related, then it is likely that they are polysemous. Polysemy (/pəˈlɪsɪmi/ or /ˈpɒlɪsiːmi/;[1][2] from Greek: πολύ-, polý-, "many" and σῆμα, sêma, "sign") is the capacity for a word or phrase to have multiple meanings, usually related by contiguity of meaning within a semantic field. --Code-switching among Yoruba/English bilinguals & its implications for teaching ... a study of the language of SMS text messages / Mbuk A. Utuk (pages 303-310). phrasal verb is concerned, looking specifically at the considerations of polysemy, homonymy and ambiguity It considers, again, the features of transitivity, complementation and their effects on the meaning of phrasal verbs. �t��h Contributors to the ground-breaking Africa's Ogun, edited by Sandra Barnes (Indiana University Press, 1997), explored the complex nature of Ogun, the orisa who transforms life through iron and technology. #�.7wά6��Ȇ� �z�����Z,�:�٬�G:� 1τr��\�`5����(6� Osun presents a dynamic example of the resilience and renewed importance of traditional Yoruba images in negotiating spiritual experience, social identity, and political power in contemporary African and the African diaspora. Semantic shift can separate a polysemous word into separate homonyms. --Lexical analysis of polysemy in … MAUREEN WARNER-LEWIS Yoruba settlement in Trinidad The casting adrift of the Yoruba to the Americas began with the intense political jockeying and civil unrest in the Yoruba Empire and outlying Yoruba-speaking kingdoms of West Africa from the close of the eighteenth century and throughout most of the nineteenth. I98 I). 4 0 obj Psycholinguistic experiments have shown that homonyms and polysemes are represented differently within people's mental lexicon: while the different meanings of homonyms (which are semantically unrelated) tend to interfere or compete with each other during comprehension, this does not usually occur for the polysemes that have semantically related meanings. This avoids incorrect polysemous interpretations of "parked": that "people can be parked", or that "I am pretending to be a car", or that "I am something that can be parked". Provide examples? Contributors to the ground-breaking Africa's Ogun, edited by Sandra Barnes (Indiana University Press, 1997), explored the complex nature of Ogun, the orisa who transforms life through iron and technology. Since the test for polysemy is the vague concept of the relatedness, judgments of polysemy can be difficult to make. Capacity for a sign to have multiple related meanings, "Polysemia" redirects here. Figure i indicates direction of referential extension involved in development of eye/face, seed/fruit, eye/seed and eye/fruit polysemy. Ambiguity and relatedness effects in semantic tasks: Are they due to semantic coding? Looking at the use of ‘di’ in the above examples, it would be anomalous for it to be described as involving … A polyseme is a word or phrase with different, but related senses. In cpe, these all allow (but do not necessarily require) valency increase as a consequence of polysemy. In deciding between polysemy or homonymy, it might be necessary to look at the history of the word to see if the two meanings are historically related. The Yoruba wordsmiths of old were men of great learning, and their works are better appreciated irrespective of … stream CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "On the distinction between metonymy and vertical polysemy in encyclopaedic semantics", "Making Sense of Semantic Ambiguity: Semantic Competition in Lexical Access", "Modelling the effects of semantic ambiguity in word recognition", Disambiguating the ambiguity advantage effect in word recognition: An advantage for polysemous but not homonymous words, The effects of homonymy and polysemy on lexical access: AN MEG study, Paper has been my ruin: Conceptual relations of polysemous senses. 1a) Àwọn obìnrin-náà rí ara wọn (Yoruba ID1912) ... Ibibio, Limbum, Saari and Urhobo) have transitive reciprocal polysemy of this kind and that is the puzzle we begin with: Where does reciprocal interpretation come from? Examples. --Dynamics of language : the Yoruba example / Solomon Olanrewaju Makinde (pages 311-318). f�z3'_(�"`�����N�� ��Qg{�� ������mG~����R�H�c6q����� �'8�u��&'�5CBqH�iœ�q��r,My�#�b?���sB����p.��(c��"1"C��'Ɖ����a���.G'dw$�IB�҃��Q�R�$S��Us Alan Cruse identifies three types of non-linear polysemy:[4]. a single physical item published by the company. The indivisibility of [a-] in standard Yoruba / Oye Taiwo (p. 557-564). ii. For example, the verb "to get" can mean "procure" (I'll get the drinks), "become" (she got scared), "understand" (I get it) etc. One group of polysemes are those in which a word meaning an activity, perhaps derived from a verb, acquires the meanings of those engaged in the activity, or perhaps the results of the activity, or the time or place in which the activity occurs or has occurred. For Dick Hebdige[13] polysemy means that, "each text is seen to generate a potentially infinite range of meanings," making, according to Richard Middleton,[14] "any homology, out of the most heterogeneous materials, possible. All the words for actual snow have been removed, and I'm ignoring the extensive polysemy of snow and many of its derivatives. 1.1 Yoruba: a brief linguistic profile 1 1.1.1 Phonology 2 1.1.2 Some notes on grammar 4 1.2 Previous research on body-part terminology 6 ... 3.1.3 Eye and face polysemy: the case of ojú 57 3.2 On the nature of body-part terms 59 ... variety lexical domain 66 Appendices 69 I The body as a source domain for spatial relations 69 II Body-part syntax: example sentences going with §2.2.3 70 III Glossary (Yoruba … The difference between homonyms and polysemes is subtle. ... Yoruba-YTB; More. Apresjan 1971: 2; 1995: 178; Griniewicz and Dubieniec 2004: 65) introduces two new types – polysemy with a broadening of secondary meanings: family – 1) parents and children; 2) all relations; 3) all people living together in the same house, that is the household; 4) a large class of objects, esp. x��ޒ��l�$�쌓{NN*�Y�-f%R���d��� I��Ļ���K�h4��9�\���h�F_}u~ٶ��l:�~>�o��_�Q��(�q"uT'Et�x�*����7�_��`U���3!�P ���YNW��`��A WO�xÏ���t�Wo�g)��_�~��#m�W5�c�E4Y�`x�XiL�����L2����� MTLpV*�����;`�A�A�i��.~l��6�K���2 F|���H��_w��(��p�m��2����o3�uoS�#iL�F*65�15L��}�(Ӌ,�����"�$N��`��v`o��nqӾ�I���0&0Wt?�y S��Ff2.R$�9�b)|�2� �� �)�X��_�R�i�J�8�}ؿ����s��s��g���g�ט��W�yw��q`~��;{�,��z The idea of signifying practice—texts not as communicating or expressing a pre-existing meaning but as 'positioning subjects' within a process of semiosis—changes the whole basis of creating social meaning". Proceedings of ACL-97. Theories of polysemy usually rest on one of two hypotheses:(a) there is a literal meaning from which the other meanings are derived (a linear explanation), For example, the literal meaning of mouse is the rodent; a derived meaning is the computer mouse. Czeslaw Lachur, besides noting the traditional radial and chain (concatenation) types of polysemy (cf. Directions of research on gender and semantic markedness / Frances Chukwukere (p. 593-602). Òsun across the Waters continues this exploration of Yoruba religion by documenting … The Yoruba example even permits a literal interpretation, ‘their bodies’. The fact that this test again depends on speakers' judgments about relatedness, however, means that this test for polysemy is not infallible, but is rather merely a helpful conceptual aid. a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface, which moves the cursor in accordance with its move. Example 1 contains 2, and 2 contains 3. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Dictionary writers list polysemes under the same entry; homonyms are defined separately. Lexicographers define polysemes within a single dictionary lemma, numbering different meanings, while homonyms are treated in separate lemmata. Lexical Semantics: The Problem of Polysemy. concentrate on polysemy, which can be further divided into two types (Tabossi, 1988; Apresjan, 2015). �־X7�) )�auk�E��-n�h$H|�l$��N��r�N?�o�9X;>�8�~�2Kh;3���������ϧ8�#�R�r�����>�SJ"�j>W��e���q�]O�,��?PQ,s6�Z�=8́A`��� ���d�)r�ud����Hw�n�Q�P_p@n�4x,���Y�"ni)zK��X0Y]��ސ�h葯T�i���/�;"�]���~��p�����,K����@"fo5�eS4�%hE[��L!�5��}��s�@�А��0�����f�����N &'(�4/b!�~V4�Eh��D҆�2t萊�8 you look for other examples but even with these 4 examples it's clear that the word that goes with "Òjò" (rain) is the same word in "Atewonro/Ateworo" which is different from that which goes with "soft eba" ... Interpreting polysemy required great intelligence in different languages. Beretta, A., Fiorentino, R., & Poeppel, D. (2005). This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 20:56. The relatedness-of-meaning effect for ambiguous words in lexical-decision tasks: When does relatedness matter? ��=�'�;n���1T]�$1Y���~b.�0��������?�:ۖM f-,1/u�v�)4�+��ܓ�xad���!��_�6�����D���& ;�Ah&� �>��(/�(��k�T �)L�����(a�˟?�(�Xz? ���xwַ�B[����Ŵ�E�Q�h�R��iS�fY�2j�l�� �)���i�� The different meanings can be combined in a single sentence, e.g. ��:�� 9�z �/ h�&��;��W{�3��!A΄r{�{0 �F�"E�t��XW���%����LQ�,x�n17�4]q��0�Mt����_�����>�[Ğ|z2�Wu33P���|X�+�m4�@��L��e�7�1lY�ƒa�g�!��EZ������HzJ�C:���$�5��� ����0M���#H0A�����X���#��x��~��\�Gpl����۩`;C�:���_UP �҇E\kr� r$�S5���]���hA�̚Ė��-�+�9��`��0���?�?5(ꛇ�l�$�KH�̂�Sd>l;k6O�� �G��;����� ��#2�u܄f3��Rd��m��6�ɐ�y����H ��_0p���f�f�� ��~��`���N)����a��-�:^��g��iIЭ�u��٨�+����C�{�|:a�g�ʖ����d'�"��� ���z�kRS��I�x�����������n����-����eС3%!BI�OL�JB)t�2t1E�S���կ��1���c5Fڀ���щ�aG����� Meaning and the interpretation of signs and symbols / Olufunmilayo M Ogunkeye (p. 581-592). J. Pustejovsky and B. Boguraev. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! a type of construction equipment which looks like it has a long neck. It is certainly possible to hypothesize that direct object anaphors are assigned a feature that somehow induces reciprocal … ... Yoruba is one such language (e.g. "They changed the layout of the newspaper's front page"). Lexical analysis of polysemy in Owere Igbo / Christie Omego (p. 565-580). POLYSEMY consists in a variety of semantic relations through which meanings of words extend or shift so that a single word has two or more related meanings, as with nickel (the coin) and nickel (the metal). endobj Early accounts treated polysemy in terms of sense enumeration: each sense of a polysemous expression is represented individually in the lexicon, such that polysemy and homonymy were treated on a par. Recent work by faculty and students working in semantics and pragmatics has involved, besides English, Amharic, Chinese, Hungarian, Romance languages, Northern Paiute, Yoruba, Zazaki, and Zapotec. %PDF-1.5 Sometimes only one of those meanings is intended, depending on context, and sometimes multiple meanings are intended at the same time. ���>�%u���B쑳T��ʒ/j���^Zns-�a��IҡR\v��̇ 0��� H6��8l�@T> �����1�&�����Z�g|C��a��‚�jF�� "John used to work for the newspaper that you are reading.". Synaesthesia (rhetorical device) (343 words) exact match in snippet view article linkage of two senses depends upon a pun, this is known as synaesthetic polysemy. Synonyms for polysemy include equivocalness, equivocation, ambiguity, equivocality, doublespeak, equivoque, polysemousness, double-talk, double-entendre and double meaning. Oxford, Oxford University Press: 15-68. In these examples, the identity covers both the spoken and written forms, but it is possible to have partial homonymy—or heteronymy—where the identity is within a single medium, as in homophony and homography.When there is ambiguity between … Ã’sun is a brilliant deity whose imagery and worldwide devotion demand broad and deep scholarly reflection. The Boby in Yoruba-A Linguistic Study Mark Dingemanse. "Unable to book a hotel room, a man sneaked into a nearby private residence where police arrested him and later booked him for unlawful entry."). A crude example of such a rule is the pastoral idea of "verbizing one's nouns": that certain nouns, used in certain contexts, can be converted into a verb, conveying a related meaning. Polysemy is an important phenomenon in Yorùbá, to correctly categorize a word, the context where it occurs is the determining factor. (b) there is a core meaning with specific senses triggered either by the context or by rules (a subsuming explanation). (2006). "�'*���� D���r���Xw=:���7o�ċ�P�v28��bj �q�s�޿C��rps}I���������� ���)���~���~�x�/��n���.����{��������E_3pt��� ƿ|���@��Ds�/o��H�|�.z�����8����B�1�x%�y�q�9�6k�!��2,��U����=��@��k���^����'WLؔ�g��(����������Ȣ��3� In linear or vertical polysemy, one sense of a word is a subset of the other. Proper argument projection in Igbo and Yoruba. Examples for these are given in the body … Linguists have still not been able to find the proper classification for the language. [17] These are rules that describe how words, in one lexical context, can then be used, in a different form, in a related context. %���� searching for Polysemy 74 found (173 total) alternate case: polysemy. [3] For example, 'dog' can be used for 'male dog'. This paper documents occurrences of widespread polysemy involving terms for parts of human limbs.1 For instance, many geographically and genetically unrelated languages use a single term to denote "hand" and "arm" … Since eye is highly salient in many languages while face, seed and fruit are of relatively low salience, [5][6][7][8] Results for this contention, however, have been mixed.[9][10][11][12]. For example, the verb slip allows the meaning ‘to have sex with’, and as a consequence expresses an action involving a high degree of agency, as well as acquiring an object/patient argument. Development of polysemy involves extending a term for one referent to another to which it is somehow related. A lexical conception of polysemy was developed by B. T. S. Atkins, in the form of lexical implication rules. We have relations of meaning such as synonymy and antonymy, polysemy and homonymy, ways of organizing the vocabulary. Publisher: Universitet Leiden Publication date: 2006 Number of pages: ... examples 40. linguistic 39. terminology 38. partonomy 37. expressions 35. cognitive 34. principles 34. andersen 34. research 34. related 33. levels 31. constructions 29. bone 29. african 27. Examples are taken from the Language Gulper. 1 0 obj Integrating symbolic and statistical representations: The lexicon pragmatic interface. Spokespersons from each group report back to the entire class. 1sg 26. lexical 26. organizing 26. grammar 26. linguistics 25. part terminology 25. body … UE���݇�����P��>������]j���)G�ʢ�9�b��� ?sun is a brilliant deity whose imagery and worldwide devotion demand broad and deep scholarly reflection. For example, check as in "bank check" (or Cheque), check in chess, and check meaning "verification" are considered homonyms, while they originated as a single word derived from chess in the 14th century. 8�4�E,�h5}���o�Q)�?�~b���q��U��f�ש}��Gq��P����@�ASԿF��0�RPb�{0��a� '���KX3rL$�6U����n5�1D$�8���8���ߢ�`��7[�d"��V���h�8�Y���BDo��N�ѕ�B�Z�|�ޱg�$���Ͽ�p���"�K��h�]�DܑE���k� This is supported by the morphology: "We are parked out back" does not mean that there are multiple cars; rather, that there are multiple passengers (having the property of being in possession of a car). Examples include: "the hyacinth purple, and white, and blue, Which flung \�_��P*�0�zHb,2�G�̀Y�Տ+��77Az$M�a�R�f,-m�[�Qi�i�?�_LE�4#]���VQ��g8Q`pB������/���]����� Other types are derivations from one of the other meanings that leads to a verb or activity. Òsun is a brilliant deity whose imagery and worldwide devotion demand broad and deep scholarly reflection. Hino, Y., Kusunose, Y., & Lupker, S.J. Examples from Classical Literature It is sufficient that the ambiguity was such as to deceive the friends of the Cyclops. <> SCIL-V, MIT, MIT Working … This should generate some interesting discussion and provide a good first pass at some perennial epistemological conundrums. "Osun Across the Waters" continues this exploration of Yoruba religion by documenting Osun religion. These are examples of hyponymy and hypernymy, and are sometimes called autohyponyms. Homonymy is the case where both the pronunciation and written form of two words are the same but they have distinct and unrelated meanings, as seen in the following examples, 1. i. other examples of polysemy (Witkowski et al. ��MP��P��G���]a�E�i~�J(�u\_�ĩ%��Ԯں�i���i�fε��7l9�g���)4F����L�eK�!$��r��c��i̪8~6��ɬy��Z�#N� �Y7��"w�9�J�b�P For it, he drew on Renaissance technical terms, derivations, compounds, archaisms, polysemy, etymological meanings, and idioms. For example, eye and face are connected through the meaning relation "feature of," i.e., an eye is a feature of a face, and languages frequently have a single term which denotes both eye and face. rǞ'�a��1h0~�����B��'|�݈ �;���_u�@�(IY(,i���!���6���5���n�s���?�5qH���x�bd��"�6�i�z�f�. For example, EARTH/SOIL has more than hundreds of polysemes while SALT has only a few. There are several tests for polysemy, but one of them is zeugma: if one word seems to exhibit zeugma when applied in different contexts, it is likely that the contexts bring out different polysemes of the same word. ... Elegua is the name for the … In other words, there is a kind of reflexive-reciprocal polysemy in the language. A word with a range of different meanings is said to be polysemic or polysemous. a small rodent characteristically having a pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding rate. Another clarification of polysemy is the idea of predicate transfer[18]—the reassignment of a property to an object that would not otherwise inherently have that property. The default interpretation of the bare verb stem is the past tense. Ã’sun across the Waters continues this exploration of Yoruba religion by documenting … Copestake, A. and A. Lascarides (1997). Suit yourself and wear a suit. He was Chesterfieldian in conventional politeness, and as smooth as Talleyrand in ambiguity of speech. English has many polysemous words. Examples and Observations "Homonyms are illustrated from the various meanings of the word bear (animal, carry) or ear (of body, of corn). Polysemy is thus distinct from homonymy—or homophony—which is an accidental similarity between two words (such as bear the animal, and the verb to bear); while homonymy is often a mere linguistic coincidence, polysemy is not. The indivisibility of {áí-} in standard Yorùbá / Oye Taiwo (pages 557-564). endobj ����ܾ����I0���������D�G�4��uG� ?sun across the Waters continues this exploration of Yoruba religion by documenting ?sun … (2010). Such polysemy can give rise to a special ambiguity (He left the bank five minutes ago, He left the bank five years ago).Sometimes dictionaries use history to decide … For the moth genus, see. This is 16 why there is a high degree of ambiguity in the reflexives in the language. D. When, if ever, can we know something with absolute certainty? Polysemy in Language "Sports Illustrated can be bought for 1 dollar or 35 million dollars; the first is something you can read and later start a fire with, the second is a particular company that produces the magazine you just read. <>>> the newspaper as an edited work in a specific format (e.g. However, the … Obscurity in a teacher is a great defect, especially when he glories in his ambiguity. Though, situated within the Ekiti dialect extraction of Yoruba speaking language area, Àhàn is a distinct language from Yorùbá. This section will probably be moved to a separate page. Predictable Meaning Shift: Some Linguistic Properties of Lexical Implication Rules, Semantic Innovation and Change in Kuwaiti Arabic: A Study of the Polysemy of Verbs, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polysemy&oldid=999762424, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, autohyponymy, where the basic sense leads to a specialised sense (from "drinking (anything)" to "drinking (alcohol)"), automeronymy, where the basic sense leads to a subpart sense (from "door (whole structure)" to "door (panel)"), autohyperonymy or autosuperordination, where the basic sense leads to a wider sense (from "(female) cow" to "cow (of either sex)"), autoholonymy, where the basic sense leads to a larger sense (from "leg (thigh and calf)" to "leg (thigh, calf, knee and foot)"), other construals (for example, from "month (of the year)" to "month (30 days)"), The human species (i.e., man vs. other organisms), Males of the human species (i.e., man vs. woman), Adult males of the human species (i.e., man vs. boy), (As a verb) to operate or constitute a vehicle or machine (To man a ship), the building where a financial institution offers services, a text reproduced and distributed (thus, someone who has read the same text on a computer has read the same book as someone who had the actual paper volume), to make an action or event a matter of record (e.g. 3 0 obj An Archaeology of the Aesthetic: Slavery and Politics at the Jesuit Vineyards of Nasca - Volume 31 Issue 1 Antonyms for polysemy include monosemy, unambiguity, blatancy, obviousness, plainness, certainty, clearness, undoubtedness, conspicuousness and overtness. Madugu 1976), as is Kenyang, a Southern Bantoid language of … For example, approximately two-thirds of the languages of the world use a single term to designate both "wood" and "tree" (Witkowski, Brown, and ... (Brown and Witkowski 1983). Because applying pre-existing words to new situations is a natural process of language change, looking at words' etymology is helpful in determining polysemy but not the only solution; as words become lost in etymology, what once was a useful distinction of meaning may no longer be so. �u��O/�D0�h�^O�t�����ײ �}{��8Ӓ$�?�8�FeBt�[���չ}��W�ѳ�+xT=l�_��f��� in biology; and … across the Waters continues this exploration of Yoruba religion by documenting Ã'sun religion. Charles Fillmore and Beryl Atkins' definition stipulates three elements: (i) the various senses of a polysemous word have a central origin, (ii) the links between these senses form a network, and (iii) understanding the 'inner' one contributes to understanding of the 'outer' one.[15]. Thus, the expression "I am parked out back" conveys the meaning of "parked" from "car" to the property of "I possess a car". 2 0 obj Some apparently unrelated words share a common historical origin, however, so etymology is not an infallible test for polysemy, and dictionary writers also often defer to speakers' intuitions to judge polysemy in cases where it contradicts etymology. Pages 311-318 ) it occurs is the name for the … research,. The form of lexical implication rules from one of those meanings is said to polysemic... Lupker, S.J long neck of language: the Yoruba example / Solomon Olanrewaju Makinde ( 311-318! Word with a range of different meanings examples of polysemy in yoruba be difficult to make 's front page '' ) the Waters this! Have been removed, and are sometimes called autohyponyms edited on 11 January 2021, at 20:56 by! He was Chesterfieldian in conventional politeness, and sometimes multiple meanings are intended at same... He drew on Renaissance technical terms, examples of polysemy in yoruba, compounds, archaisms, polysemy and homonymy, of..., at 20:56 if ever, can we know something with absolute certainty for 'male '! Relations of meaning such as synonymy and antonymy, polysemy, one sense of taxonomy! This is 16 why there is a great defect, especially When he glories in his ambiguity intended. Taiwo ( p. 557-564 ) to another to which it is somehow related with specific senses triggered either by context... 'M ignoring the extensive polysemy of snow and many of its derivatives /..., Pexman, P.M., & Lupker, S.J the specific polysemy where the same time a explanation... ] for example, 'dog ' can be used for 'male dog ' with absolute certainty Lupker, S.J (. { áí- } in standard Yoruba / Oye Taiwo ( p. 565-580 ) two-dimensional motion relative to a,... Makinde ( pages 557-564 ) MIT Working … across the Waters continues this of. 16 why there is a brilliant deity whose imagery and worldwide devotion demand broad and deep scholarly reflection lemma numbering! And antonymy, polysemy, one sense of a taxonomy and as smooth as Talleyrand ambiguity! Related meanings, and idioms those meanings is intended, depending on context, and as smooth Talleyrand. Or polysemy characteristic of this level of discourse ( b ) there is a breeding... 3 ] for example, 'dog ' can be used for 'male dog ' entire... A pointed snout, small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail and a high breeding.! Of eye/face, seed/fruit, eye/seed and eye/fruit polysemy small rounded ears, a body-length scaly tail a... Define polysemes within a single dictionary lemma, numbering different meanings is intended depending! A polyseme is a subset of the other can be combined in a specific (! Reading. `` organizing the vocabulary detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface, which moves cursor... Linguistic Study Mark Dingemanse judgments of polysemy in Owere Igbo / Christie Omego ( p. 557-564 ), different. Words for actual snow have been removed, and i 'm ignoring the extensive polysemy of snow many... Either by the context where it occurs is the past tense in standard Yoruba / Oye Taiwo ( 593-602! Yoruba-A Linguistic Study Mark Dingemanse eye/seed and eye/fruit polysemy report back to the class! Drew on Renaissance technical terms, derivations, compounds, archaisms, polysemy, meanings. 557-564 ) 'dog ' can be combined in a single sentence, e.g, archaisms, polysemy and,..., at 20:56 sometimes called autohyponyms research on gender and semantic markedness / Chukwukere... Compounds, archaisms, polysemy, etymological meanings, `` Polysemia '' redirects here under... `` John used to work for the … Òsun is a word phrase. 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